Finding Aids

Browse Finding Aids by: Collection Subject Creator Repository

Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Works

Speeches

Financial Records

Extradition and Amnesty

Legal Documents

Publications

Photographs

Funeral

José Emilio Obregón Papers



Contact us about this collection

Control Card View

Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers, 1873-1994 | University of Miami Cuban Heritage Collection

By Esperanza B. de Varona, 1998.  Updated by María R. Estorino, 2001.

Printer-friendly Printer-friendly | Email Us Contact Us About This Collection

Collection Overview

Title: Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers, 1873-1994Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: CHC0336

Creator: Machado y Morales, Gerardo (1871-1939)

Extent: 27.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement:

The Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers are organized into ten series.

Please see the Finding Aid/Inventory section of this guide for more detailed information.

Date Acquired: 00/00/1992

Formats/Genres: Grau, Baldomero - Correspondence, Machado y Morales, Gerardo, 1871-1939 - Correspondence, Obregón, José Emilio - Correspondence

Languages: Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers consist primarily of the correspondence, business and legal documents, and photographs of Machado and his family in their years of exile after 1933. The bulk of the materials in this collection make up Series I: Correspondence, 1923-1940 and Series IV: Financial Records, 1913-1939. Most of the correspondence in Series I is between Machado and his son-in-law Baldomero Grau, who was married to Machado’s daughter Laudelina (Nena), and deals with Machado’s business concerns in Cuba as well as matters pertaining to his family’s life in exile.

Of note is Series VIII: Photographs, n.d., ca. 1895-1994, which include several photographs of Machado throughout his life, photographs of his family in Cuba and in exile, as well as photographs of the Machado sugar estate, the Central Carmita. Also included in this collection is a manuscript of Machado’s autobiographical work, Ocho Años de Lucha, in Series II: Works, n.d., 1933 as well as research materials related to Gerardo Machado gathered from the US National Archives and Records Administration by the collection donor, Francisco X. Santeiro (Series V: Extradition and Amnesty, 1925-1938 and Series IX: Funeral, n.d., 1939-1952).

Series X contains materials pertaining to Machado’s son-in-law José Emilio Obregón, who was married to Angela Elvira Machado.

Biographical Note

Gerardo Machado y Morales was the fifth president of the Republic of Cuba from 1925 to 1933. Born in Santa Clara, Las Villas, Cuba on 28 September 1871 to Gerardo Machado y Castellón and Lutgarda Morales Yanes, Machado was the youngest general of the Cuban War of Independence (1895-1898), rising to the rank of brigadier general. After the war, he served as mayor of Santa Clara during the American occupation (1898-1902). Machado’s political activities led him to join the Liberal Party, and he was its candidate for governor of Las Villas province in 1908 but was defeated. Despite this defeat, Machado served in various posts under the government of José Miguel Gómez, including a stint as Secretary of the Interior until 1912. For the next 12 years, Machado remained an active member of the Liberal Party but was not did not run for any office. During this time he focused his attention on his business endeavors, which included a sugar mill, the Central Carmita, and interests in Cuba’s electrical industry, serving as vice president of the Compañía Cubana de Electricidad. It is also in these years that Machado married his cousin, Elvira Machado Nodal. Together they had three daughters: Laudelina (Nena), Angela Elvira, and Berta.

In 1924, Machado was elected president of the Republic of Cuba. During his first term from 1925 to 1928, Machado instituted a major public works program. This program included the construction of Cuba’s Central Highway, the Capitolio Nacional, and many new public buildings, schools, hospitals, and roads. Before the end of his term, the Constituent Assembly amended the Cuban Constitution to create a six-year presidential term. Machado was re-elected in 1928 and under the new law, he would serve as president until 1935. Machado’s second term was strife with internal conflict and economic turmoil. Sugar prices fell drastically and many Cubans became unemployed. With growing unrest, in 1930 Machado authorized police forces to break up political meetings and demonstrations, decreeing them illegal. The opposition to Machado and his government grew, and his repressive measures intensified. In 1932, Machado suspended the Constitution, and in 1933, US president Franklin D. Roosevelt instructed Ambassador Sumner Welles to mediate between Machado and opposition forces. Welles’ efforts failed, a general strike was called, and on 12 August 1933, Gerardo Machado was forced into exile.

Machado’s family took refuge in the United States. His wife Elvira and their three daughters and their families settled in New York. Machado went into exile in Nassau, the Bahamas. He could not immediately join his family in the US as there was the possibility that he would be extradited to Cuba. In the meantime, Machado traveled to the Dominican Republic, Europe, Bermuda, and Montreal. In 1936, Machado joined his family in New York, and the following year they moved to Miami Beach. On 29 March 1939, Gerardo Machado passed away. He is buried in Miami's Woodlawn Cemetery.

The Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers were donated to the Cuban Heritage Collection in 1992 by Machado’s great-grandson, Francisco X. Santeiro.

Subject/Index Terms

Cuba - Politics and government - 20th century
Machado family
Machado y Morales, Gerardo, 1871-1939

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 15.5 linear ft. (27 boxes)

Access Restrictions: This collection is unrestricted.

Use Restrictions: Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please, contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Acquisition Method: Gift of Francisco X. Santeiro, 1992 and 2015.

Original/Copies Note: Some or all of this collection has been digitized. For more information please see http://merrick.library.miami.edu/cubanHeritage/chc0336/.

Related Materials: CHC5212 Luis J. Botifoll Oral History Project interview with Maria Grau de Santeiro. For more information please see http://merrick.library.miami.edu/cdm/ref/collection/chc5212/id/499.

Preferred Citation: Gerardo Machado y Morales Papers, Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.

Finding Aid Revision History: Revisions to the collection-level record made by Beata Bergen, June 2009. Container list added from legacy PDF container list, February 2014. Updated June, 2015.

Other Note: Sponsor Note:  Portions of this collection were digitized with funding from the Institute of Museum and Library Services.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1923-1940],
[Series 2: Works, undated, 1933],
[Series 3: Speeches, 1925-1929],
[Series 4: Financial Records, 1913-1939],
[Series 5: Extradition and Amnesty, 1925-1961],
[Series 6: Legal Documents, undated, 1919-1939],
[Series 7: Publications, undated, 1925-1989],
[Series 8: Photographs, undated, circa 1985-1994],
[Series 9: Funeral, undated, 1939-1952],
[Series 10: José Emilio Obregón Papers, 1873-1989 (bulk dates 1930-1960)],
[All]

Series 1: Correspondence, 1923-1940Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: From Machado, 1926-1936Add to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1929-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 2: To Grau, Baldomero, 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 3: To Grau, Baldomero, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 4: To Grau, Baldomero, 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 5: To Grau, Baldomero, 1936Add to your cart.
Folder 6: To Machado de Grau, Laudelina "Nena" (daughter), 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 7: To Machado, Elvira (wife), 1936Add to your cart.
Folder 8: To ObregAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: To Roosevelt, Franklin D., 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 10: To Rubirosa, Porfirio, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 11: To Trujillo, Rafael, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 12: To Villapol, Fernando, 1934-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Between Ferrara, Orestes and Baldomero Grau, 1927-1935Add to your cart.
Also contains Cuban passport for Evangelina de las Mercedes Grau y Triana issued 1927.
Sub-Series 2: To Machado, 1923-1938Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Jan.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Sep. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Sep. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Oct. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Nov. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Dec. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Secret Codes, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Jan. 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Feb. 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Mar. 1934Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Apr.-May 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Dec. 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Apr. 1935-July 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Sep. 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Oct. 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Nov. 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Dec. 1937Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1938Add to your cart.
Folder 9: From Ferrara, Orestes, 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 10: From Grau, Baldomero, July 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Aug. 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Sep. 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Oct.Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Jan.Add to your cart.
Folder 15: JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: 1936Add to your cart.
Folder 17: From Machado, F.P., 1923Add to your cart.
Folder 18: From Rubirosa, Porfirio, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 19: From Trujillo, Rafael, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Address Book, n.d.Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Machado Family, 1939-1940Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Condolence Correspondence to Machado Family, 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 22: from Machado Family, 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Machado, Elvira, 1933-1940Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: General Correspondence, 1933-1938Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Apr.Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Oct.Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Jan.Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Jan.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Mar. 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Apr. 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 7: May-35Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Jun-35Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Jul-35Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Aug. 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Oct.Add to your cart.
Folder 12: 1936-1938Add to your cart.
Series 2: Works, undated, 1933Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: By MachadoAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Ocho AAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Ocho AAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: By OthersAdd to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Como Sustraer del Caos EconAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Las Memorias de Carlos Machado, by Antonio Iraizoz, n.d.Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Plan PolAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Poem by Tula Alfonso de DAdd to your cart.
Series 3: Speeches, 1925-1929Add to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Speeches by Machado, 1925-1929Add to your cart.
Folder 2: La PolAdd to your cart.
Series 4: Financial Records, 1913-1939Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Financial Records, 1927-1935Add to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1930-1931Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Legal Documents, 1927-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Bank Books, 1927-1934Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Financial Statement, 1927-1935Add to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1927Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1928Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1931-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 1932-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1933Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Business - General, 1930-1934Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1930-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1931Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Business Correspondence and Documents, 1930-1935Add to your cart.
Box 8Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1930-1931Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1930-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1930-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 1931-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1933-1935Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Properties and Companies, 1913-1939Add to your cart.
Box 9Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Central Carmita: Correspondence, 1920-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Operational Records, 1929, 1934-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Financial Records, 1929, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Accounts Records, 1913-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Documents, 1919-1926Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Documents, 1935-1937Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Legal and Financial Reports, 1936-1939Add to your cart.
Box 10Add to your cart.
Folder 1: CompaAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Golden Age Liquor Company, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Golden Age Liquor Company, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 4: House (New York City), [193-]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Mestre, Machado & Co., 1929-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Selkirk Holding and Development Corp., 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 7: West Indies Liquor Corp. Correspondence, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 8: West Indies Liquor Corp. Correspondence, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 9: West Indies Liquor Corp. Correspondence, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Box 11Add to your cart.
Folder 1: West Indies Liquor Corp. Legal Documents, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 2: West Indies Liquor Corp. Legal Documents, 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Whitney and Sons (H.N.), 1933-1934Add to your cart.
Box 12A: Reparto Lugardita (Oversized), 1929-1933Add to your cart.
Box 12B: Reparto Lugardita (Oversized), 1929-1933Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 6: Miscellaneous, 1919-1939Add to your cart.
Box 13Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Sociedad "Fomento de la Coronela," 1919-1925Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Sociedad "Fomento de la Coronela," 1927-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Financial Papers: General, 1929-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Financial Papers: General, 1928-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Business Papers and Correspondence, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Business Papers and Correspondence, 1935-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Legal and Financial, 1927-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Legal and Financial, 1934-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Legal and Financial, 1939Add to your cart.
Series 5: Extradition and Amnesty, 1925-1961Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: US Department of State, 1925-1961Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 1: 1925Add to your cart.
Folder 2: 1926Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1927Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1928Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1929Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1930-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 9 Aug. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 12 Aug. 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 9: 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Correspondence from Kerr, Albert B., 1934Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Extradition, 1928-1961Add to your cart.
Box 14Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Estudios sobre el problema de la extradiciAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Gaceta Oficial de Cuba, 1928-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Gaceta Oficial de Cuba, 1934-1935Add to your cart.
Box 15Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Cuba. Department of Justice, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 2: U.S. Department of Justice, 1934-1961Add to your cart.
Folder 3: U.S. Department of State: Division of Latin American Affairs, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 4: U.S. Department of State: Division of Latin American Affairs, 1935-1937Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Correspondence, n.d., 1935-1937Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Proceedings and Legal Documents, 1934-1938Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Amnesty, 1937Add to your cart.
Series 6: Legal Documents, undated, 1919-1939Add to your cart.
Box 16Add to your cart.
Folder 1: General, 1920-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Presidential Decree (de Cespedes, Carlos Manuel), 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Deed: Liceo de Villa Clara, 1926Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Mercado de Abasto y Consumo, 1919Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Palacio Presidencial, n.d., 1926Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Visa Extension (Villapol, Fernando), 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Will, 1939Add to your cart.
Series 7: Publications, undated, 1925-1989Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Books, 1927-1928Add to your cart.
Box 17Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Memoria de la administraciAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Memooria de los trabajos realizados por la ComisiAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Libro conmemorativo de la inauguraciAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Articles about Machado, 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Box 18Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Cosmopolis, 1929Add to your cart.
Folder 2: El Liberal, 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 3: National Geographic (photocopy), 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 4: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 5: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 6: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 7: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 8: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 9: From other publications, n.d., 1925-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Machado, Elvira, n.d., 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Typescripts, n.d., 1933Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Press Releases, 1933, 1937Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Publications by and about Others, 1929-1989Add to your cart.
Box 18Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Publications by and about Others, n.d., 1939-1983Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Diario de la Marina (Oversized), 1929-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Diario de la Marina (Oversized), 1929-1972Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Scrapbook, 1983-1989Add to your cart.
Series 8: Photographs, undated, circa 1985-1994Add to your cart.
Box 22Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Machado, Gerardo (Portrait), ca. 1895-1911Add to your cart.
Folder 2: ca. 1925-1933Add to your cart.
Folder 3: ca. 1934-1939Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Machado, Gerardo (Group), n.d., 1925-1930Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Machado, Gerardo: Trip to Hamburg, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Trip to Santo Domingo, 1934Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Machado Family, n.d., 1930sAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Machado Family in Cuba, 1925-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 9: in Montreal, 1933?Add to your cart.
Folder 10: in Bermuda, n.d., 1935Add to your cart.
Folder 11: in the United States, 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Grau, Baldomero (Group), 1926Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Machado de Grau, Laudelina "Nena", 1955, 1994Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Grau de Santeiro, Nenita, n.d., ca. 1920-1932Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Unidentified Group, 1920sAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Cuba: Central Carmita, Cuba, 1930s, 1947Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Buildings and Public Works, n.d., 1928-1930Add to your cart.
Series 9: Funeral, undated, 1939-1952Add to your cart.
Box 23Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Clippings, 1939, 1952Add to your cart.
Folder 2: U.S. Department of State Documents (Photocopies), 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Memorabilia, 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Photographs, n.d., 1939Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Cuban Flag (Oversized), 1939Add to your cart.
Series 10: José Emilio Obregón Papers, 1873-1989 (bulk dates 1930-1960)Add to your cart.
Box 25Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence: ObregAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: 1933-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1937-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1941-1944Add to your cart.
Folder 5: 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 6: 1960Add to your cart.
Folder 7: 1961-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 8: 1964-1968Add to your cart.
Box 26Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Legal Documents, 1930-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Legal Documents, 1930-1934Add to your cart.
Folder 3: 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 4: 1935-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Insurance Papers, 1928-1936Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Gaceta Oficial, 1936Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Clippings, 1925-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Photographs, n.d., 1926-1966Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Oficio de la Semana Santa, 1873Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1923-1940],
[Series 2: Works, undated, 1933],
[Series 3: Speeches, 1925-1929],
[Series 4: Financial Records, 1913-1939],
[Series 5: Extradition and Amnesty, 1925-1961],
[Series 6: Legal Documents, undated, 1919-1939],
[Series 7: Publications, undated, 1925-1989],
[Series 8: Photographs, undated, circa 1985-1994],
[Series 9: Funeral, undated, 1939-1952],
[Series 10: José Emilio Obregón Papers, 1873-1989 (bulk dates 1930-1960)],
[All]



Powered by Archon Version 3.21