By Yvette Yurubi
Title: Africana Pamphlet Collection, 1903-1980
Extent: 0.5 Linear Feet
Scope and Contents of the Materials
This collection contains several pamphlets that address socio-political issues among the Africana communities and focus on a range of topics that have affected the community, such as desegregation, discrimination, poor education, social and political injustice, the concepts of black nationalism and black socialism, Marxism, and the Civil Rights Movement. Notable pamphlet authors include George Bretiman, Kelly Miller, Margaret Price, Carey McWilliams, Tony Bogues, C.L.R. James, George Novack, and Langston Hughes.
This collection is open for research.
CAAD Items purchased with the support of the Florida Blue Cross Shield Grant Summer 2013.
Africana Pamphlet Collection, Special Collections, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.
Arranged by Yvette Yurubi under the supervision of Beatrice Skokan.
Box and Folder Listing
- Box 1
- Folder 1: A First Step Toward School Integration by: Anna Holden, Foreword by: Martin Luther King, 1958
- "New York: Congress of Racial Equality, 1958. First Edition. Octavo. Staple-bound pamphlet. Pictorial wrappers; 16pp; illus. Faint vertical crease; minor dusting; Very Good. Recounts events in the 1957 Nashville desegregation campaign. The author was chairwoman of the Nashville chapter of CORE. Includes a 1pp foreword by Martin Luther King. Several photographic illustrations (halftones)." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 2: CORE-lator, No. 102, September 1963
- A Civil Rights-themed periodical, published bimonthly by the Congress of Racial Equality and self-described as "a national organization with affiliated local groups to abolish racial discrimination by direct nonviolent methods."
- Folder 3: Jim Crow Murder of Mr. and Mrs. Harry T. Moore: New Dangers and New Tasks Facing the Negro Struggle by: George Breitman, 1952
- "New York: Pioneer. Publishers, 1952. 31p., wraps, paper evenly toned. Trotskyist perspective on the killing of the Moores, who were active in Florida's NAACP and critical of police brutality until their deaths in a bombing on their 25th wedding anniversary near Sanford, Florida. They have been called the first martyrs of the Civil Rights movement." -Bolerium
- Folder 4: Black Nationalism and Socialism, 1968
- A pamphlet (31 pp.) featuring two separate pieces: "The National Question and the Black Liberation Struggle in the United States" by George Breitman and "Malcolm X, Black Nationalism, and Socialism" by George Novack. Both authors focus on explosing the relationship between Black Nationalism and Socialism in the United States and how the two affect the overall political scene, especially after the rise of the Civil Rights Movement due in part to Martin Luther King Jr.'s efforts and his later death.
- Folder 5: The New Orleans School Crisis, 1961
- A pamphlet that serves as a report of the Louisiana State Advisory Committee to the United States Commission on Civil Rights. 83pp. It summarizes Civil Rights and segregation issues in the area of New Orleans and addresses public opinion on a number of related events that happened within the community over time and how they had been handled legally.
- Folder 6: The Struggle to Free Gary Tyler, 1976
- A pamphlet published by the October League (M-L), which advocates for "an expression of resistance to imperialism's vicious system of oppression against Afro-American people" and fighting against legal injustices surrounding segregation and discrimination. It aims to make an example of injustice through the wrongful arrest of young student, Gary Tyler, and outlines and analyzes the various circumstances surrounding his prison sentence.
- Folder 7: Marxism and Black Liberation by Tony Bogues and C.L.R. James, 1980
- A pamphlet that contains three essays (41pp.), which address the idea of socialism and its relationship with the African American Community, especially in light of the injustices that spurned on the rebellions in Liberty City, Miami. It also analyzes the growing oppression felt by the African American Community as the 1980s approaches and what measures have been taken to fight against it.
- Folder 8: Paul Robeson: Anti-Fascist, Anti-Imperialist Cultural Worker, ca. 1976
- "Pamphlet published by the the Historical Research Club, University of Guelph. Guelph, Ontario: Alive Production Collective, n.d. [ca. 1976]. First Edition. Staple-bound pamphlet; [16pp]; illus. A brief political biography published shortly after Robeson's death in 1976. Little new content-wise, but an unusual Robeson item." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 9: The Negro and the Ballot in the South by Margaret Price, 1959
"Atlanta: Southern Regional Council, 1959. First Edition. Octavo. Staple-bound pamphlet. Printed wrappers; 83pp." -Lorne Bair
The pamphlet discusses expanding voting access to the African American Community in the southern region of the U.S. and how there are still various obstacles and discriminations impeding their ability to vote and have a voice in the U.S. government.
- Folder 10: Race Discrimination - and the Law by: Carey McWilliams, 1945
- "Washington: National Federation for Constitutional Liberties, 1945. Second Printing. Octavo. Staple-bound pamphlet. Printed wrappers; 24pp. Seidman M218: A reprint, by a [Communist] Party organization in the civil rights field of an argument for the elimination of social discrimination by means of legislation... Segregation, in [the author's] view, can only further solidify Jim Crow in our legal system." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 11: Build Democracy in the Classroom: How rapidly should desegregation proceed?, 1954
- "Brief for the Congress of Industrial Organizations as Amicus Curiae in the Supreme Court of the United States. Washington, D.C.: Congress of Industrial Organizations,1954. First Edition. Staple-bound pamphlet; printed card wrappers; 17pp. Reprints for public distribution the CIO's amicus curiae brief in the case of Gebhart vs. Belton, one of the four cases merged into the "Brown v. Board of Education" Supreme Court tiral which resulted in federal desegregation of public schools. The CIO brief notes organized labor's interest in fair and equal education for blacks, and concludes: "...we respectfully suggest to the Court ...cessation of segregaton 'forthwith' rather than by 'gradual adjustment.'" Includes brief introductory statements by Walther Reuther and James B. Carey. An uncommon Brown v. Board of Education item." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 12: Collection of Pamphlets by Kelly Miller
- "Kelly Miller (1863-1939) was the first African American to receive graduate education in Mathematics (Johns Hopkins, 1887-89); he later founded the Department of Sociology at Howard University where he taught until 1934. Though less widely-known today than his more famous contemporaries Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, Miller was arguably the most influential black intellectual of his era and a prolific, articulate, and widely-published advocate for negro education and civil rights, once called by Carter Woodson 'undoubtedly the greatest pamphleteer of the Negro race.'" -Lorne Bair
- Item 1: Brief for the Higher Education of the Negro, 1903
- "Washington: by the Author, 1903. First Edition. Sewn pahmphlet. Octavo (22cm). Mustard wrappers; 14pp. Holes punched for binding at bulked edge, costing a few characters in text; covers foxed and soiled; text clean and unmarked. A complete, Good copy. A particularly early and uncommon Kelly Miller pamphlet, outlining the need for university education for American blacks." -Lorne Bair
- Item 2: The Disgrace of Democracy. Open Letter to President Woodrow Wilson, 1917
- "Washington: by the Author, 1917. First Edition. Staple-bound pamphlet. Octavo (21cm). Gray printed wrappers;  pp. Holes punched for binding at bulked edge, costing a few characters in text (but no loss of sense); covers slightly stained and pulled away from staples, but present and complete; Good or better. A strident criticism of American racial policy following America's entry into the First World War. Miller contrasts the allied rhetoric of international 'democracy' with the treatment meted out to the majoriy of Black Americans, and Black soldiers especially." -Lorne Bair
- Item 3: Is Race Difference Fundamental, Eternal, and Inescapable? An Open Letter to President Warren G. Harding, 1921
- "Washington: Austin Jenkins Publishing Co, 1921. First Edition. Stapable-bound pamphlet. Octavo (21 cm). Gray printed wrappers; 24pp. Holes punched for binding at bulked edge, else Near Fine. Response to Warren G. Harding's historic 1921 speech to a mixed-race audience in Birmingham, Alabama, in which he called for major improvements in political, educational, and economic opportunities for African Americans. Miller praises the speech at the outset but goes on to criticize Harding for his failure to extend social equality to Black as well: "...candor compels me to say, Mr. President ...that your platform based upon the assertion of 'fundamental, inescapable and eternal differences' of race is calculated, in the long run, to do the Negro as great harm as the Taney dictum would have done..." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 13: Equality Land and Freedom: A Program for Negro Liberation (Draft submitted by the National Council of the League of Struggle for Negro Rights) by: Langston Hughes, 1933
- "New York: League of Struggle for Negro Rights, 1933. First Edition. 24mo. (15cm x 11cm). Staple-bound pamphlet. Original pictorial wrappers; 45pp. Binding puncture to upper left margin; few stray pencil markings to text, else a clean, Near Fine copy. Constitution, by-laws and draft programme of the National Council of the League of Struggle for Negro Rights, a Communist front organization chaired by Langston Hughes and including on its roster of offices James W. Ford, Robert Minor, Benjamin Davis, Jr. and William L. Patterson. This was the League's inaugural publication, and much of the authorship is attributable to Hughes." -Lorne Bair
- Folder 14: Twelve Nigerian Market Pamphlets, Folder 1 of 2, 1950s-1970s
- "V.P. [mostly Onitsha]: Various publishers, ca. 1950s-70s. Collection of twelve original staple-bound pamphlets, most ca. 8-1/2" x 5-1/2" and 32-64pp. A few with toning or mild foxing to wrapper margins, but all generally in Very Good or better condition.The majority printed in 1971; others as early as 1959 and as late as 1972. An excellent, representative sampling of the popular literature that flourished in West African market stalls in the 1960s and 70s, most of it characterized by sensational (and even slightly prurient) content, rustic production values, and a disarmingly naïve (to a modern reader's eyes, at least) approach to its subject matter. All twelve examples of works bear the Onitsha, Nigeria imprint -Onitsha having been the epicenter of this publishing genre. Despite a brief vogue for these Onitsha chapbooks in the United States in the mid-70s (the period during which the few large insitutional collections of them were formed) most are now quite uncommon in the trade. It should be noted that most of these works were reprinted seemingly at random, sometimes with abridgements at other times with added matter; occasionally under a new author's name or pseudonym; almost always sans date. The cataloguer is deeply indebted to the painstaking work of Peter Hogg and Ilse Steinberg, whose landmark work Market Literature from Nigeria: A Checklist (British Library: 1990) was essential to identifying and dating these ephemeral works." -Lorne Bair
- Item 1: The Tragedy of Civilian Major
- Item 2: How to Write Business Letters, Correct Agreements, Telegrams, Good Letters, and Applications By: J. Abiakam
- Item 3: Never Trust All That Love You Sixth Edition
- Item 4: How to Know When a Girl Loves You or Hates You a Drama By: S. Eze
- Item 5: Important Records on Nigeria Civil War from 1966-1970
- Item 6: Mabel the Sweet Honey that Poured Away By: Speedy Eric
- Folder 15: Twelve Nigerian Market Pamphlets, Folder 2 of 2, 1950s-1970s
- Item 1: Adventures of the Four Stars By: J.A. Okeke Anyichie
- Item 2: Wonders Shall Never End By: Highbred Maxwell
- Item 3: The Life in the Prison Yard By: Okenwa Olisah
- Item 4: Forget Me Not By: Highbred Maxwell
- Item 5: Our Modern Ladies Characters Towards Boys By: Highbred Maxwell
- Item 6: The Gentle Giant "Alakuku" By: Highbred Maxwell
- Folder 16: Inside Haiti, 1994
- "As a candidate, Bill Clinton slashed into Bush's Haiti policy while stumping for votes. For most of us who work in Haiti, however, it has been difficult to discern the differences in the policies of Bush and his successor. Clinton continued to send the refugees back home. Trade with Haiti increased, in spite of stated support for the embargo. And Clinton named as his envoy to Haiti a an who was considered by many of us to be on the sideof the military and business elite. Representatives of other countries have come to doubt Clinton's sincere support for a return to democracy in Haiiti. In October, 1993, after a small group of thugs prevented the docking of the USS Harlan County and the deployment of a multinational team of military engineers, one French military advisor offered the following assessment: "Do you know what the real problem is? The Americans don't want Aristide back, and they want the rest of us out."" - Paul Farmer, Open Magazine Pamphlet Series