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Fort Chaffee Collection

Overview

Scope and Contents

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Box 1

Box 2

Barbara Lawson: Framed acrylic painting of Santa Barbara by Siro del Castillo

Barbara Lawson: prints by Cuban refugees (Andy Valerio, Victor)



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Fort Chaffee Collection, n.d., 1980-1995 | University of Miami Cuban Heritage Collection

By María R. Estorino

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Collection Overview

Title: Fort Chaffee Collection, n.d., 1980-1995Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1980-1981

ID: CHC5175

Extent: 2.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement: Materials are arranged by donor.

Formats/Genres: Audiocassettes, Memorandums, Reports

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Fort Chaffee Collection brings together two donations of materials relating to Cubans who arrived in the U.S. during the 1980 Mariel Boatlift and were detained at refugee camps at Fort Chaffee, Arkansas.

Barbara Lawson was director of the Cuban-Haitian Task Force from 1980 to 1981, and she donated reports, memoranda, artwork by Cuban refugees, and recordings of news interviews she gave during her tenure with the Task Force.

Gastón A. Fernández donated the research materials he collected and used for his book The Mariel Exodus Twenty Years Later: A Study on the Politics of Stigma and a Research Bibliography (Miami: Ediciones Universal, 2002).  These materials consists primarily of photocopies of reports and interagency correspondence of the various U.S. government agencies responsible for the processing and settlement of Mariel refugees and for administering Fort Chaffee and other camps.  In the Fernández donation are also photographs by the U.S. Army and snapshots of refugee activities at Fort Chaffee.  The photocopied documents seem to have been obtained by Fernández primarily from the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, although they are not clearly identified as such.

Issues of La Vida Nueva, a newsletter published by the Cuban refugees detained at Fort Chaffee with the support of the 1st Psychologica Operations Battalion of the U.S. Army; and of Crossroads, a newspaper published for Fort Chaffee personnel included in these donations were transferred to the CHC Exile Journals collection.

Subject/Index Terms

Fort Chaffee (Arkansas)
Mariel Boatlift, 1980
Refugee camps -- Arkansas
Refugees - Cuba

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 1 linear foot

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions:

Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner.  Please, contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Most of the materials in this collection donated by Gastón A. Fernández are photocopies of originals owned by other repositories and as such are available for research purposes only.  U.S. Army photographs cannot be published without the permission of a U.S. Army Information Officer.

Acquisition Method: Gift of Gastón A. Fernández (CHC06-026) and Barbara Lawson (CHC07-014), 2006.

Separated Materials:

Gift of Barbara Lawson: 11 issues of La Vida Nueva and brochure titled Refugiados Cubanos: Last Step to Freedom

Gift of Gastón A. Fernández: 47 issues of La Vida Nueva; one issue of Campo Libertad Periodico (Elgin AFB), 1980; and 11 issues of Crossroads

Processing Information:

Materials in this collection were previously listed under CHC5175 Cuban Refugee Prisoners at Fort Chaffee Collection and CHC5232 Fort Chaffee Records.  These two collections were merged into CHC5175 Fort Chaffee Collection on March 18, 2011.

Finding aid subjects terms assigned by Ana D. Rodríguez, February 2013.

Finding Aid Revision History: Updated by Juan A. Villanueva, April 2016.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Item 11: Barbara Lawson: Framed acrylic painting of Santa Barbara by Siro del Castillo, [1981?]],
[Drawer 34: Barbara Lawson: prints by Cuban refugees (Andy Valerio, Victor), 1981],
[All]

Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Barbara Lawson: Cuban-Haitian Task Force Documents, 1980-1981Add to your cart.
Includes map of refugee camp at Fort Chaffee
Folder 2: Barbara Lawson: Correspondence, 1980-1981Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Barbara Lawson: "La Vida Nueva" Layout Sheets, 1980Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Gastón A. Fernández: Clippings, 1980, 1989, 1995Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Gastón A. Fernández: Consolidation, 1980Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Gastón A. Fernández: Federal Coordinating Office Reports, 1980Add to your cart.
Note on folder: "Background info - FCO reports from early May thru first week June, chart on criminal detentions, May 27 memo on extreme disatisfaction w/ resettlement process, Elgin riots memo, FCO memo on steps to expedite process"
Folder 7: Gastón A. Fernández: Federal Control Center Documents, 1980Add to your cart.

Note on folder: "FEMA, Federal [Control] Center, memoranda"

Note in folder: "Memoranda detail (1) the causes leading to riots at Camp Libertad similar to Ft Chaffee a few weeks later, (2) prejudice against [homosexuals], prostitutes and petty criminals, other undersirables lumpled together as cause of problem/disturbances, (3) details operational problems, bottleneckes overlapping roles and insufficiently clearly defined [administrative] roles, responsibilities, and authority contriubte to sense of [administrative] crisis.  Shows concerns over public support of perpection of handling situtation and how leads to inaction, failure to assume responsibilities for 'fence jumpers' escaping Cubans at Libertad - sets stage for Ft Chaffee."

Folder 8: Gastón A. Fernández: Federal Control Center Documents, 1980Add to your cart.
Note on folder: "Federal Control Center - detailed discussion of operational problems - concerns that FEMA phase out will further retard outprocessing - Details concerns over the frustration in camps."
Folder 9: Gastón A. Fernández: Cuban-Haitian Task Force Reports and Memoranda, 1980-1981Add to your cart.
Note on folder: "HHS memo on minors funding problems memo from State Dept.  FEMA Cuban Incident Reports details chronology of events at camps, political reactions to Cubans, social and political context of immigration, the riots at Chaffee and federal response to use of force."
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gastón A. Fernández: Office of the Attorney General, 1981-1982Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Gastón A. Fernández: Refugee testimonials, camp guide, and Chaffeegram newsletters, n.d., 1980Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Gastón A. Fernández: Security Reports and Memoranda, 1980Add to your cart.
Note on folder: "Contains info on security measures to isolate camp [population] from community and internal control procedures/operations in camp.  Discussion of inter-[bureau?] conflicts over security measures and role of Clinton in pressuring for militarization.  Also, there is health [statistical] data that could be put in table form."
Folder 4: Gastón A. Fernández: Photographs (snapshots), [1980?]Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Gastón A. Fernández: Photographs (U.S. Army), [1980]-1981Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Gastón A. Fernández: Photographs (U.S. Army), [1980]-1981Add to your cart.
Item 1: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 2: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 3: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 4: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 5: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 6: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 7: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 8: Barbara Lawson: Audiocasette Recordings of Media Interviews, [1980-1981]Add to your cart.
Item 9: Gastón A. Fernández: Zip disks, n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 10: Gastón A. Fernández: Zip disks, n.d.Add to your cart.
Item 11: Barbara Lawson: Framed acrylic painting of Santa Barbara by Siro del Castillo, [1981?]Add to your cart.
Drawer 34: Barbara Lawson: prints by Cuban refugees (Andy Valerio, Victor), 1981Add to your cart.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1],
[Box 2],
[Item 11: Barbara Lawson: Framed acrylic painting of Santa Barbara by Siro del Castillo, [1981?]],
[Drawer 34: Barbara Lawson: prints by Cuban refugees (Andy Valerio, Victor), 1981],
[All]



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