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Kauffman Collection of Mississippi papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Carmichael, Dr. John F.

Jenkins, Dr. John Carmichael

Winchester, Judge Josiah



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Kauffman Collection of Mississippi papers | University of Miami Special Collections

By Esperanza B. Varona and Scotty A. Ford

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Collection Overview

Title: Kauffman Collection of Mississippi papersAdd to your cart.

ID: ASM0108

Creator: Carmichael, John F. (1761-1837)

Extent: 707.0 Items. More info below.

Formats/Genres: Letters, Manifests, Maps

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Kauffman Collection, comprised of the Mississippi papers, pertains to three generations of plantation families in southwestern Mississippi.  The papers were first received in four wrapped bundles, or packages.

The first package of documents are those of Dr. John F. Carmichael produced from 1800 to 1845.  The majority of these manuscripts date from the 1820s, but there is a good distribution of items from 1800 to 1837, the year Carmichael died.  The  last dated item, produced in 1845, is the distribution of Carmichael's own estate, as written by his nephew John Carmichael Jenkins.

These papers give a limited view of life in early Mississippi when it was part of West Florida, the Mississippi Territory, and after it became a state.  As there is not much lengthy correspondence involved, it is difficult to obtain a deep understanding of activities around that time.  The papers do, however, show that the early settlers in Mississippi were in rather dangerous and isolated territory; floods and disease were quite common, and food was simple and not in ample supply.  The numerous receipts are effective in demonstrating the lifestyle of the people; what was bought and sold in the area indicates the degree of comfort in which the residents lived.

The quality of the materials themselves runs from fair to poor.  Many items have pages missing or are torn, holed, brittle, and stained, some beyond easy identification.  Most of the papers are small, single-paged items, but the legal documents and manifests are usually oversized and lengthy.

The second package in this collection is related to Dr. John Carmichael Jenkins, the nephew of the aforementioned John Carmichael.  The materials were produced from 1827- to 1869.  The bulk of these papers were written between 1835 and 1855, the years Jenkins lived in Mississippi.  There are, however, two items which date from his years in Pennsylvania, and a copy of a sharecroppers' lease in 1869 for the Beverly Plantation, which apparently was in the control of Dr. Jenkins' elder son, John Jenkins, Jr.

These manuscripts are useful in understanding the business and social climate of the expansive and antebellum periods in Mississippi. They are more diverse and detailed than the letters to Carmichael.  They show the lifestyle one would experience as a middle-class Southern farmer of the 1840s and 1850s.

The condition of the material is fair to good; most of the items are intact and only slightly faded.  Colored paper is still in good shape, but the handwriting becomes harder to decipher than on the yellowed white paper generally used.  Occasionally there is a page missing from a long letter, but almost everything is complete.

The third package of the Kauffman Collection contains those papers relating  to Judge  Josiah Winchester.  These papers were produced from 1849 to 1893.  There are many unsigned and undated drafts of letters, mostly dealing with Chinese labor immigration and miscellaneous notes and accountings.

These items were produced mostly from 1856 to 1888, with a thinning of the material from 1860 to 1865, during the Civil War, and again from 1874 to 1880. The earlier papers were probably left with this collection as received, the more important documents relating to wartime being removed.  A single document from 1849 was received in this package, but it concerns lands belonging to the Bank of the United Sate (Pennsylvania) and probably not relative to Winchester.  There are also a printed map of Adams County, Mississippi, and a length typewritten draft of a proposal sent to Congress concerning levee construction along the Mississippi, and a lengthy typewritten draft of a proposal sent to Congress concerning levee construction along the Mississippi River.  These date from around 1893, five years after all documents with Winchester's name ceased to appear.

These documents are somewhat helpful in understanding legal procedure and domestic law during the 1860s and 1870s.  Many of the receipts and bills are printed with handwritten inserts; the stationary shows some the flair of the period with its lettertype and occasional engravings.

The condition of the material is in a quite good state of preservation.  There are few holed or brittle papers, and the ink quality has been retained.  Unfortunately there are some incomplete letters and documents, some unsigned, and many undated.

The fourth and final package in this collection is the most fragmented. Here are papers and documents that are in disarray, belonging mostly to six groups.  The papers of S.J. Hoggatt all relate to Judge Winchester: Winchester was Hoggatt's attorney.  When the collection was received, however, these papers were separate from the rest of Winchester's correspondence.  Most of Hoggatt's papers are letters to Winchester or bills received and paid through an account with the attorney. The period covered runs from 1870 to 1888.

The letters of the Dunbar family total seven items, running from 1799 to 1850.  These probably belonged to Annis Dunbar Jenkins, but they too were separated from the Jenkins package when received.  The Morgan Company and Morgan family papers, and an inventory concerning a lawsuit between family members over the ownership and distribution of George Morgan's estate.

The United States Bank at New Orleans seems to have been a part of the Bank of the United States in Pennsylvania; several of the tax receipts in the Jenkins collection belong with these papers concerning land deals and business transactions in Mississippi.  Most of these items are business letters for the secretary for the bank trustees in Philadelphia to their agent, A. C. Ferguson, in Natchez.  The time covered is from 1837 to 1866, but the majority of these papers were produced in the late 1850s.

The final group in the package consists of miscellaneous material relative to Mississippi.  They run from 1803 to 1869, and some actually belong in Carmichael's, Jenkins', or Winchester's papers, but for some reason they were placed in this package when received.  Other items in this group are single letters or unidentified notes which have nothing to do with the principle persons in this collection.

These papers are generally useful in understanding the activities of specific groups on a smaller scale.  The Harris family letters give insight into the way of life experienced by poorer Mississippians after the Civil War.  The Morgan family legal case demonstrates the greed and desperation for wealth after the collapse of the Southern economy during Reconstruction.

The material is in good condition except for the oldest of the papers, those being the Dunbar letters and a few of the miscellaneous papers from the early 1800s.

Biographical Note

Dr. John F. Carmichael was a native of Pennsylvania and became a surgeon at Fort Adams, on the Mississippi River south of Natchez, around 1798.  He was also the first collector of duties at the port of Natchez when the Mississippi District was formed around 1800. He was appointed to the staff of territorial governor Williams as a major in 1805.  Carmichael made his home at Pinckneyville, a small settlement just north of the Louisiana border, where he maintained a plantation.  It grew in size and value as cotton farming became profitable in the 1800s.  He also became one of the leading men of wealth and largest slave owner in the Natchez area from 1807 to 1812, primarily through his cotton business, which later became his occupation more so that of surgeon.

Reputedly, Dr. Carmichael was involved with the Aaron Burr conspiracy and was arrested by Cato West in 1806.  He was also connected to the court-martial of General Wilkinson.  Carmichael was a prominent Federalist supporter.  He never married, and it seems he was on good terms with only a few people in his later life.  As his health decline, his nephew John Carmichael Jenkins (see below) came to Pinckneyville in 1835 to help him manage the plantation.  It was not long, however, before Carmichael had the nephew running the operation.  In late 1837 Dr. Carmichael died and left a vast, entangled estate, which his nephew had to sort through as administrator.

Subject/Index Terms

Plantation life - Mississippi
Plantation owners - Mississippi

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 2 linear ft.

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Kauffman Collection of Mississippi Papers, Finding Aid © 1985 University of Miami. Requests to reproduce or publish materials from this collection should be directed to asc.library@miami.edu.

Related Materials:

Claiborne, J. F. H. Mississippi as a Province, Territory, and State. Jackson, Mississippi : Power and Barksdale, 1880.

Federal Writers' Project.  Mississippi: A Guide to the Magnolia State. New York : Viking Press, 1938.

James, D. Clayton. Antebellum Natchez. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1968.

Kane, Harnett T. Natchez on the Mississippi. New York : William Morrow and Company, 1947.

Loewen, James W. The Mississippi Chinese. Cambridge, Massachusetts : Harvard University Press, 1971.

Marquis, A. N. Who Was Who in America. Chicago : Marquis Publishing, 1897-1942.

Marshall, Theodore Britton. They Found It in Natchez. New Orleans : Pelican Publishing, 1939.

Rowland, Dunbar.  History of Mississippi, the Heart of the South.  Chicago : S. J. Clarke, 1925.

Sydor, Charles S.  A Gentleman of the old Natchez Region : Benjamin L. C. Wailes. Durham, North Carolina : Duke University Press, 1938.

Preferred Citation: Kauffman Collection of Mississippi Papers, Special Collections Division, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.

Finding Aid Revision History: Beatrice C. Skokan, 2009.

Container List (PDF): http://proust.library.miami.edu/findingaids/legacy/asm0108CL.pdf


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Carmichael, Dr. John F., 1800-1837; 1845],
[Box 2: Jenkins, Dr. John Carmichael, 1827; 1834-1855; 1869],
[Box 3: Winchester, Judge Josiah, 1849; 1856-1888; 1893],
[All]

Box 3: Winchester, Judge Josiah, 1849; 1856-1888; 1893Add to your cart.
Correspondence, bills of sale, receipts, telegrams, estate tallies, cancelled checks, legal consultations.
Folder 1Add to your cart.
Item 1: Hamer, Malachi B., Marshall, John R., and Wiley, Leroy M. to Planters' Bank and Commercial Bank of Natchez., Dec 8, 1849Add to your cart.
ADS duplicate of a lengthy legal document selling their shares of land to the bank. Legal descriptions given on each parcel, with a description of the notes outstanding in regard to the two banks. First signed November 28, 1840 and subsequently signed by the clerk.s of circuit courts in various counties, and again certified in 1849 as a true copy of the original document in the case of John Bacon et. al. v, Hamer's heirs (Bank of Pennsylvania lands).
Folder 2Add to your cart.
Item 2: Rumsey, John to Ferguson, Alexander C., Apr 18, 1856Add to your cart.
ALS from the secretary of Jandon, Bayand, Fallen, and Reed in Philadelphia to the agent in Natchez for the Bank of Pennsylvania, concerning the lands owned by John Bacon and Thomas Robins in Mississippi.
Item 3: Laurts, C.A. to Winchester, J., May 14, 1856Add to your cart.
ALS from Washington telling WinChester of the success he had in the case of Bacon v, Robertson in the Supreme Cdurt, his own case in Texas, the Supreme Court's adjournment, and his trip from Baltimore with Mr, Stanton and James Buchanan, the Democratic nominees for President and Vice-President that year.
Item 4: Winchester, J., Nov 1859Add to your cart.
ADS report from Winchester as chairman of the Board of Directors for the Natchez Club concerning the financial status of the club, a change in dues, a request to add a restaurant to the club, and some recommended rule changes.
Folder 3Add to your cart.
Item 5: Unaddresses note with names and two colums of amounts listed next to each name, possibly a list of debts of debtors., Jan 10, 1860Add to your cart.
Item 6: Grier, Samuel to Winchester, J., Nov 14, 1861Add to your cart.
ALS from Elgin, the Jenkins' residence, tellIng hIm to put Mr, Creswell in charge at Tarbert when he arrives and to have Mr. Owen account for all the furniture before he leaves.
Item 7: Pollack, J.C. to Winchester, J. for Kempe,  Jane., Dec 21, 1863Add to your cart.
ARS for bagging, rope, and twine.
Folder 4Add to your cart.
Item 8: Buckner, H.S. to Winchester, J., Jan 16, 1864Add to your cart.
ADS from New Orleans as a bill of sale for five bales of Winchester's cotton to Brown and Schonfer by Buckner. Includes bale weights, government charges, and regular charges (note the value of the cotton at 72 3/4 cents per pound, very high).
Item 9: Ford, C.W. to Winchester, J., Jan 27, 1864Add to your cart.
ARS for flour, coffee, tea, thread, and linsey.
Item 10: Ham, R.S. to Winchester, J., Feb 6, 1864Add to your cart.
AD and printed, a government permit to purchase and transport cotton on the Mississippii River during the military occupation of Natchez by Union forces, stating regulations and conditions of enforcement. Signed by special agent. Reverse shows six bales of cotton and expired permit received by J.W. Marshall.
Item 11: Ferrar, Thomas S. to Winchester, J., Feb 24, 1864Add to your cart.
ARS from agent for Jane Kempe for an advance against six bales of cotton ready for shipment - probably the same cotton deseribed in the previous item.
Item 12: Farrar, Thomas S. to Winchester, J., Mar 14, 1864Add to your cart.
ARS from Jane Kempe's agent for another advance on cotton.
Item 13: Ford, C.W. to Farrar, Thomas S. and Winchester, J., Apr 1, 1864Add to your cart.
ARB from Phoenix Trade Store, natchez, for items like coffee, meat, nails, axes, muslin, calico, gingham dresses and shoes. Receipted on April 20.
Item 14: Kempe, Jane to Russell Mary. Draft on Kempe's account with Winchester., Jun 10, 1864Add to your cart.
Item 15: Farrar, Anna to Winchester, J., Jun 13, 1864Add to your cart.
ALS from Saint Joseph asking him if he will purchase a list of articles and help a Mr. Lewis get them to her safely. Also a mentioning of some family visits which have to be put off because of the present state of the war. List of goods included at the end of the letter.
Item 16: Farrar, Anna to Winchester, J., Jun 13, 1864Add to your cart.
Typescript of letter in previous item.
Item 17: Raymond, W.C. to Winchester, J., Sep 21, 1864Add to your cart.
ANS acknowledging receipt of the draft on H. S. Buckner for Jane Kempe and listing now the money was spent on property taxes. He further states he will try to buy property insurance with the remaining balance.
Item 18: Kempe, Jane to Sedden, James A. on Kempe's account with Winchester, with a note on the back., Nov 14, 1864Add to your cart.
Folder 5Add to your cart.
Item 19: Kempe, Jane. Draft for the bearer on her account with WInchester., Mar 1, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 20: Kempe, Jane to Elridge, Isaac. Draft on her account with Winchester., Apr 18, 1865Add to your cart.
Item 21: Ray and Grant to Kempe, Jane., Sep 9, 1865Add to your cart.
ARS for foods like lobster, salmon, ham, oysters, almonds, crackers, and various liquors.
Folder 6Add to your cart.
Item 22: Urban, D. to Kempe, Jane., Jan 16, 1866Add to your cart.
ARS for direct taxes from the United States for back taxes on her land in Concordia Parish, Lousiana, up to April 1865. Land amount and value given.
Item 23: Unsigned and unaddressed statement from Stockfarm concerning Douglas Green's account of hauling corn, sugar, and other articles to Mr. Louis in Woodville where some of it was sold for Mr. Haygood's benefit. Short statement from Tom Marshall about hauling corn to Mr. Louis included., Feb 25, 1866Add to your cart.
Item 24: Ray and Grant to Winchester, J., May 6, 1866Add to your cart.
ARS invoice, lengthy and itemized, for goods buoght that year such as lard, sardines, potatoes, sugar, lobsters, and herring.
Item 25: Winchester, J., Dec 28, 1866Add to your cart.
Ad accounting for his management of Thomas B. Kempe's account from 18664 to 1866. Many names listed of accounts and paid drafts.
Folder 7Add to your cart.
Item 26: Haygood, William B. to Smiley, Judge J.M., Mar 2, 1867Add to your cart.
ADS copy of a lengthy legal complaint concerning S.L. Greer and Stockfarm, trying to obtain payment as overseer from either Greer or Winchester, then from the sheriff, William Stamps. Affidavit signed, injunction and subpoena secured, and duplicate verified.
Item 27: Neiheysel, Phillip to mrs. Winchester., Aug 3, 1867Add to your cart.
ARS  for fruit cake, pound cake, a stack cake, and a fancy figure.
Item 28: McGraw, P.H. to Mrs. Winchester., Sep 24, 1867Add to your cart.
ARS from Natchez for amonia, peppermint, and camphor. Receipted by L.H. Lawrence.
Item 29: W.A. Britton and Company to Winchester, J., Nov 7, 1867Add to your cart.
Draft for Winchester's professional fee for Given Watts and Company. Approved by John R. Stockman.
Item 30: Britton and Joontz to Winchester, J. Draft written to himself., Nov 27, 1867Add to your cart.
Folder 8Add to your cart.
Item 31: W. A. Britton and Company to Winchester, J., Feb 29, 1868Add to your cart.
Draft by Winchester, initialed by Britton and Koontz.
Item 32: Britton and Koontz to Winchester, J., Mar 4, 1868Add to your cart.
Draft written to himself.
Item 33: W.A. Britton and Company to Winchester, J., Mar 25, 1868Add to your cart.
Draft for interest due on a note held by Washington College.
Item 34: W.A. Britton and Company to Winchester, M.G., May 4, 1868Add to your cart.
Draft for J. Winchester to herself.
Item 35: Riddle Colcucant and Company to Winchester, J., May 4, 1868Add to your cart.
ARS for coal. On J.E. Packer's stationary. Signed by E.C. Dukes, agent.
Item 36: W.A. Britton and Company to Winchester, Margaret., May 8, 1868Add to your cart.
Draft for J. Winchester to herself.
Item 37: Winchester, J., May 26, 1868Add to your cart.
Unidentified accounting sheet in Winchester's hand dating back to 1864. Many names listed.
Folder 9Add to your cart.
Item 38: Envelope addressed to Judge Winchester, Natchez, Mississippi, U.S., from Old Aberdeen, Scotland. Postage removed., Jul 7, 1868Add to your cart.
Item 39: Proal, C. to Winchester, J., Aug 15, 1868Add to your cart.
ALS from Saint Paul, Minnesota, asking him to get hold of Zebulon York, formerly of Natchez, or Luke P. Blackburn, probably in New Orleans, for payment of a bad draft they passed to him in 1860 in Louisville.
Item 40: Grier, Joanna to Winchester, J., Oct 22, 1868Add to your cart.
ALS from Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia, the widow of S.L. grier, asking Winchester to defer the scale of their place as long as possible so she can collect the money needed to pay off the debt. First in a series of letters.
Item 41: Cayles, Theodore to WInchester, J., Nov 25, 1868Add to your cart.
ALS from Philadelphia asking him to handle Mrs. Grier's case and that he will pay any necessary funds for the case.
Item 42: Grier, Joanna to Winchester, J., Nov 30, 1868Add to your cart.
ALS from Chestnut Hill thanking him for agreeing to help her, explaining that she consulted Theodore Cayles (her sister-in-law's brother), and she is considering living on the place if a more suitable tenant cannot be found.
Item 43: Reed, Thomas to Winchester, J., Dec 18, 1868Add to your cart.
ALS from Port Gibson, where he is attending court. Mr. and Mrs. Spencer are still living, and if Winchester has any claims against them Reed has information on pending suits which may benefit the Planter's Bank and Commercial Bank trustees.
Folder 10Add to your cart.
Item 44: Grier, Joanna to Winchester, J., Jan 29, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Chestnut Hill ackowledging receipt of his last letter and informing him that she has decided to compromise with Mr. Foster on a settlement and she has given power of attorney to John Henderson.
Item 45: Harris, W.P. to Winchester, J., Mar 2, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from the office of Harris and Withers, attorneys and counselors at law, Jackson, regarding the case of Butterfield v. Stanton et. al. giving his opinion of how a trust case will be determined.
Item 46: Whitworth, James W. to Winchester, J., Mar 17, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS on printed letterhead from the surveyor for the clerk's office, Mt. Vernon, Posey County, Indiana. A party in his county has a claim against the estate of Mr. Elliott, late of Natchez, and needs an attorney there. He asks Winchester to take the case or find another attorney who would.
Item 47: Whitworth, james W. to Winchester, J., Mar 17, 1869Add to your cart.
Typescript of letter in previous item.
Item 48: Cayles, Theodore to Winchester, J., Mar 23, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Philadelphia explaining to him that they do not trust Winchester's advice and value his kindness in Mrs. Grier's case, but he still suggested she settle with Mr. Foster and prevent a lengthy litigation over the property near Natchez.
Item 49: Davis, S. M. to Winchester, J., Mar 27, 1869Add to your cart.
Western Union telegram from New Orleans: "Leave on the Belle Lee this evening, have fires made and carriage at landing."
Folder 11Add to your cart.
Item 50: Garland, J.R. to Winchester, J., Apr 5, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Vanceburg, Lewis County, Kentucky, asking about the condition of the estate of Mike Iler and if there is any chance he would consider helping his heirs in Kentucky recover the estate.
Item 51: Grier, Joanna to Winchester, J., Apr 13, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Chestnut Hill saying she decided to compromise with Mr. Foster since she was too far away from the Natchez to continue a long case.
Item 52: Grant, P. to Winchester, J., Apr 30, 1869Add to your cart.
ARS for a barrel of flour and galvanized tin. Marked "for T.B. Kempe."
Folder 12Add to your cart.
Item 53: Cayles, Theodore to Winchester, J., May 4, 1869Add to your cart.
ANS from Philadelphia saying Winchester's draft was again returned and that he in enclosing a draft on New York (Bank) to apply to Mrs. Grier's settlement.
Item 54: Harris, W. P. to Winchester, J., May 17, 1869Add to your cart.
ANS from Harris and Withers, Jackson, saying that they lost the case for Winchester's friend Surgent but that Surgent owes the fee for their handling of the case.
Item 55: Binaman,A.L. to Winchester, J., May 19, 1869Add to your cart.
ANS from New Orleans asking him to send down some papers and to tell him when James Surgent died. Signed by W.O. Denigoe for A.L. Bingaman.
Item 56: Fisher, E.S. to Winchester, J., May 24, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Grenada, Mississippi, with an introduction to General G. Pennypacker and asking Winchester to make his acquaintance whilehe is in Natchez.
Item 57: Humphreys, Benjamin G. to Winchester, J., May 26, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Port Gibson with introduction to P.C. Slaughter who is visting Natchez in Humphrey's interest and that of the agents of New York Life Insurance Company, Planter's Insurance Company, and the United States Fire and Marine Insurance Company of Baltimore.
Item 58: Winchester, J., May 30, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy to an unamed person regarding Stephen Duncan and a payment to be made by Colonel Patterson. Instructions are for Patterson to send Winchester two drafts for him to distribute to the parties involved by Duncan's direction.
Folder 13Add to your cart.
Item 59: Winchester, J., Jun 9, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy about the terms of a sale of property held by Stephen Duncan and the possible introduction of Chinese labor into Southern agriculture in 1870, which was earlier attempted but stopped by Northern interests in the government.
Item 60: Winchester, J., Jun 9, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy of a letter similar to the one prior to this regarding Duncan and Chinese labor.
Folder 14Add to your cart.
Item 61: North, Ralph to WInchester, J., Jul 22, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from his associate and partner in Vicksburg on stationary by H.C. Clarke, Publisher, Bookseller, and Stationer (with a large beautiful engraving of the city). He writes that he spoke with Judge Harris about getting a Chinese labor force for himself and that the judge would like to hear from Winchester about the case of Run the Contractor.
Item 62: North, Ralph to Winchester, J., Jul 27, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Chicago explaining that he and McKey wrelate in arriving there and will leave for Council Bluffs (Iowa) tomorrow, and he is sending the cypher and key for their telegram. He says the press will soon know about the Chinese labor plan and predicts that Chinese labor will not be permitted. Refer to folder 45, item 230 for the key itself.
Item 63: Winter, W.D. to Winchester and North., Jul 27, 1869Add to your cart.
AL from Bayou , Sara regarding the estate of Francis A. Fain; he lost a judgement in 1853 in Tensas Parish but the interested party has not received the amount of the settlement.
Item 64: Winchester, J., Aug 7, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy, addressee not identified, very difficult to read, but concerning the land deal with Colonel Patterson and the Chinese immigration question.
Item 65: Winchester, J., Aug 18, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy suggesting to his client how he might settle his account with the estate of James Surgent, enclosed with an undated and unaddresed letter regarding the way Chinese labor in California is regulated by their owners and overseers.
Folder 15Add to your cart.
Item 66: Hampton, General Wade from Winchester, J., Sep 2, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy about his losing General Ferguson's lands to Stephen Duncan and S.M. Davis and the latest developments in a meeting with General Miles on the Chinese labor question, which is lengthy and detailed.
Item 67: Winchester, J., Sep 4, 1869Add to your cart.
AL copy probably to General Wade Hampton, shorter but similar to previous item, probably a second draft.
Item 68: Fleming and Baldwin to Winchester, J., Sep 10, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Natchez regarding his request for another contribution to Mr. North for forming an agency in Natchez; they turned Winchester down and suggested he go to the community for support.
Item 69: Moore, Samuel A. to Winchester, George., Sep 14, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans addresssed to Josiah Winchester's father, who probably had died years earlier; he asks Winchester to look again for a note from Dr. P.M. Enders that Winchester says he sent but was not received. It was needed to settle an account with Jesse Bell.
Item 70: Newspaper clipping from the Daily Evening Bulletin, a San Francisco newspaper, entitled "An Outrage Rebuked," about a disturbance at the California Theatre involving two Chinese merchants and some ruffians in the gallery. Description of the scene is given with an editorial against the actions of the protagonists. Pencilled names of the two Chinamen involved appear at the top; apparently they were known to Winchester or North., Sep 17, 1869Add to your cart.
Folder 16Add to your cart.
Item 71: Miltonburger, A. to Winchester and North, Oct 16, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans asking them to bring up a suit in U.S.court against Lucy H. Hampton for money they owe Miltonburger but say they cannot pay because their plantation was sold for taxes. Also a note asking about the papers of J.N. Jackson.
Item 72: Ker, Lewis B. to Winchester and North., Oct 27, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Huntley, asking advice on the administration of his mother's estate.
Item 73: Winster, J.S. to Winchester, J., Oct 28, 1869Add to your cart.
ALS from Waterproof, Louisiana, introducing  Joseph S. Foster, who will make an offer in Winter's behlaf on the Duncan McCall place occupied by John Burnet and owned by Stephan Duncan.
Item 74: Whitman, Theodore McK. to Winchester, J., Dec 30, 1869Add to your cart.
Promisory note for rent on the Beverly Plantation in 1870. On reverse, partial payment received by Ralph North on January 23, 1870 and again by Winchester on February 11, 1871.
Folder 17Add to your cart.
Item 75: Jenkins, John F. to Winchester. J., Jan 1, 1870Add to your cart.
ANS regarding payment of a note by Whiteman.
Item 76: Jenkins, William to Winchester, J., Apr 24, 1870Add to your cart.
ALS from Lexington, Virginia acknowledging receipt of his draft and explaining how much he will need to cover his schooling expenses for the next session.
Folder 18Add to your cart.
Item 77: Mrs. Walker to Winchester, J., Aug 16, 1870Add to your cart.
ALS from General Walker's wife at Neff House, Yellow Springs, Ohio, asking him to look for a house and a plantation near Natchez for their family so they can raise cotton and settle down.
Item 78: Jenkins, William to Winchester, J., Sep 27, 1870Add to your cart.
ALS from Lexington, Virginia saying that he will move North at the end of the term as he has been quite ill once again and should change climate; address in Pennsylvania is given for Winchester to send money, writes about the course of law.
Item 79: Jenkins, William to Winchester, J., Sep 27, 1870Add to your cart.
Typescript of previous letter.
Item 80: Donaldson and Company to Winchester, J., Sep 30, 1870Add to your cart.
ABS or stationary, pencils, books, and music bought since March.
Folder 19Add to your cart.
Item 81: Winchester, J., Oct 2, 1870Add to your cart.
AL from an unidentified writer in San Francisco, but most likely from General Walker. Chinese imigration has slowed down temporarilym, but when it does pick up he is not sure he can get a force of laborers at his price; he thinks they would be better off getting their laborers straight from China. Mentions wanting to live near Natchez, and refers to a letter written by Winchester to his wife in response to her asking about the subject (see item 77).
Item 82: Donaldson and Company to Winchester, J., Oct 8, 1870Add to your cart.
Notice for bill rendered (see item 80).
Item 83: Cannon, George R. to Winchester, Frank., Nov 16, 1870Add to your cart.
ADS from the deputy collector for the U.S. Internal Revenue Service, informing him that his taxes are still unpaid and if not paid immediatly that legal action will be taken. Frank Winchester may have been a son of Josiah Winchester.
Item 84: Walker, General J.G. from Winchester, J., Dec 20, 1870Add to your cart.
ALS to New Orleans about the production of cotton by-products, such as cottondeed oil and paper pupl; Winchester believes these products will help the Mississippi valley become an important comercial center.
Folder 20Add to your cart.
Item 85: Printed brochure for Harvard University, Law School. 1871-72, with instructors listed, course of instruction given, admission requirements, and expense information., 1871Add to your cart.
Item 86: Hendricks, W. to Winchester, J., Mar 7, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from an attorney in St. Louis who has been taking care of Madeline Gunther and her child for eighteen months; the girl claims her aunt, Mary Miller, now Mary Hoene, in Natchez is holding money for her. Hendricks wants WInchester to help him collect the money so the girl can pay him back for her and the child's support.
Item 87: Winchester, J. to Grant William., Mar 25, 1871Add to your cart.
AL copy to New Orleans regarding the history of a loan made to Cambell and Purvis, now the subject of a suit by Byron Johnson against Stephen Duncan.
Item 88: Christmas, R. to Winchester, J., Mar 26, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from Shiloh, Mississippi, wanting to buy Point Lookout, acrtoss the river from him, with a Mr. Douthet so they can cut wood to sell.
Folder 21Add to your cart.
Item 89: Davis, P. M. from Winchester, J., Apr 11, 1871Add to your cart.
AL copy to Philadelphia regarding the discovery of natural gas in the Mississippi delta and its practicality as a fuel for factories processing cotton in Mississippi where costs would be lower; believes the white man lives in the North but is supported by the South and that the white man shall direct while the Negroes and Mongolians execute and make everyone content. Lenghty and detailed.
Item 90: Higgins, R.G. to Koontz, G.W., Apr 18, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from Vicksburg to Natchez asking for an extension on his interest payment and relaying a message to Winchester to put the Manry plantation up for sale as soon as legally possible.
Item 91: Wilson, E.W. to Winchester, J., Apr 19, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS from Natchez for kid gloves, Chosson gloves, bracelet, handkerchiefs, and undersleeves in addition to the amount of the previous bill.
Item 92: Park, Jesse W. to Winchester and North., Apr 30, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from Colombia, brazoria County, texas, whose late brother held a note for William Balfon of Natchez in 1860. He would like to collect it from Balfon or the administrator of the estate, S.S. Prentiss, formerly of Daingerfield, Texas, and now living near Vicksburg. Note on reverse asking about the statute of limitation in Mississippi and Louisiana.
Folder 22Add to your cart.
Item 93: Barron, R.R. to Winchester. J., May 11, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from on board the steamer Robert Mitchell, difficult to read but concerning the marriage of his daughter to M.L. Slatton.
Item 94: Wilson, E.W. to Winchester, J., May 25, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS in the amount of the previous bill in addition to items purchased that month, such as pearl buttons, kid gloves, undersleeves, towels, muslin, and ladies ties.
Item 95: Foggo, John to Winchester, J., Jun 13, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS from dealer in mens and boys clothing for gloves, ties, scarves, silk hats, and suits purchased for himself and his sons (continued on reverse).
Item 96: Wilson, E.W. to Winchester, J., Jun 26, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS in the amount of the previous bill (see item 94) in addition to new items such as tucking, skirting, lace, a robe, and an underskirt.
Folder 23Add to your cart.
Item 97: R.W. Wells and Company to Winchester, J., Jul 1, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS for two linen collars and cuffs.
Item 98: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Jul 27, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from the office of George E.C. Seaman, a note broker in New York, who is bringing money with him to New Orleans to get contracts to bring over Chinese immigrants; he intends to meet Winchester in Natchez or New Orleans.
Item 99: Jenkins, John F. to Winchester, J., Jul 29, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from Elgin encouraging Winchester to convince Governor Alcorn to buy Beverly Plantation as the site for the new university. He feels the estate could use the money more than the land. Pencilled note at end: "We bought Elgin from J.F. Jenkins, have two black marble mantles that came from Beverly, possibly written by Mrs. W.S.R. Beane, who bought Elgin in the 1930's or so.
Folder 24Add to your cart.
Item 100: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Aug 6, 1871Add to your cart.
"Half Rate" Western Union telegram from Liberty, Virginia: "Please meet me New Orleans, Wednesday evening ninth, answer to St. Charles," to discuss Chinese immigration (see item 98).
Item 101: Donaldson and Company to Winchester , J., Aug 8, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS for paper, envelopes, books, and music.
Item 102: Walsh, T. to Winchester, J., Aug 22, 1871Add to your cart.
ANS asking to see him and get help with his unpaid debts.
Item 103: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Aug 23, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from New York on Security Life Insurance and Annuity Company Stationary, saying that Mr. Hill leaves San Francisco for China on September 15, and if Winchester can guarantee papers for four hundred men by the fifth, everything will work out.
Folder 25Add to your cart.
Item 104: Hyams, H.M. to Winchester, J., Sep 21, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans calling his attention to an article titled "The Chinese Immigration Question" in the New York World, September 9; the article favors Southern interests and Hyams feels it should be reprinted in Southern newspapers.
Item 105: Normile, J.C. to WInchester, Frank., Sep 22, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from the firm or Normile and Colcord in St. Louis asking to get a man to take depositions from people in Natchez in the case of his client Fine.
Item 106: Normile, J.C. to Winchester, Frank., Sep 22, 1871Add to your cart.
Typescript of letter in previous item.
Folder 26Add to your cart.
Item 107: Hyams, H.M. to Winchester, J., Oct 10, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans in response to Winchester's letter requesting the newspaper article on Chinese immigration (see item104) and giving his own reaction to the importance of the article.
Item 108: Keim, C. to Winchester, J., Oct 14, 1871Add to your cart.
ARS for curtains, lattices, Venetian blinds, and repairs. Partial payment noted by Winchester on October 21.
Item 109: Rush, E. Hyde to Winchester, J., Nov 7, 1871Add to your cart.
ANS from Grove Plantation asking him to send accounts of the sale of Beverly Plantation asking him to send accounts of the sale of Beverly Plantation cotton by way of A.H. Carradine as he needs to report bale weights to George Sutton.
Item 110: Mayer, Simon to Winchester, J., Nov 11, 1871Add to your cart.
ABS for various types of shoes.
Item 111: Hyams, H.M. to Winchester, J., Nov 12, 1871Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans informing him that Chinese labor is being brought to Massachusetts and the South should do the same; Chinese students should come to the South to learn instead of at the Northern institutions they presently attend, and Winchester should actively encourage them to do so.
Folder 27Add to your cart.
Item 112: Elliot, Hampton from Morbes, W., Jan 1, 1872Add to your cart.
ARS from the sheriff's office, Adams County, Mississippi, for state and county taxes for 1871. Signed for William Novnau by W. Morbes.
Item 113: Hoggatt, S.J. to Winchester, J., Jul 6, 1872Add to your cart.
ANS instructing him to pay Fanny Purviance for his daughter Margaret's schooling.
Item 114: Winchester, J., Aug, 1872Add to your cart.
AL about Chinese labor and how it was originally opposed in both the North and the South, but now that it is becoming accepted, he put his plan into action.
Item 115: Winchester, J., Aug 19, 1872Add to your cart.
AN unaddressed about Chinese labor, apparently a draft of a letter as it reads the same as the beginning of his previous letter (see last item). Note is incomplete as it trails off during a sentence.
Item 116: Winchester, J., Aug 22, 1872Add to your cart.
AL incomplete, again a draft of a letter on Chinese labor, explaining how the great wave of European agriculturel labor had not come into the South as expected.
Item 117: Winchester, J., Aug 23, 1872Add to your cart.
AL incomplete on Chinese labor and the Memphis meeting which agreed to bring over Coolie labor but without labor laws to protect the laborer or employer.
Item 118: Winchester, J., Aug 23, 1872Add to your cart.
Another AL unfinished on the Chinese labor scheme.
Item 119: Winchester, J., Aug 24, 1872Add to your cart.
AL lengthy, more complete version of earlier drafts on Chinese labor. Mentions that Stephen Duncan convinced him the plantations would fail if one had to rely on free African or European labor.
Item 120: Winchester, J., Aug 28, 1872Add to your cart.
AL very lengthy but yet unfinished and unsigned on Chinese labor, a more final draft on the letter he worked on for the previous two weeks. Discusses in depth the history of slavery and Southern labor.
Folder 28Add to your cart.
Item 121: Winchester, J., Sep 2, 1872Add to your cart.
AL on Chinese labor, similiar to previous drafts; unsigned and unfinished.
Item 122: Gibson, R.E. to Winchester, J., Sep 5, 1872Add to your cart.
ALS from Newton-le-Willows , Lancashire, England, who believes Winchester's Chinese immigration scheme will work only if the labor can be managed, trained in many fields besides cotton growing, and given incentive to produce at their highest capacity. He tells Winchester to contact him when definite proposals can be made.
Item 123: Winchester, J., Oct 1, 1872Add to your cart.
AL with a detailed plan of operation for his manufacturing and planting scheme; it would be tested for two years, after which its success or failure could be determined. Enclosed is a letter analysing the investment to be made and his estimation of the profits.
Item 124: Winchester, J., Oct 2, 1872Add to your cart.
AL about Chinese labor and how important it is to save the country from national bankruptcy, the drive to abolish slavery, and England's monopoly over African labor.
Item 125: Wead, C. W. to Winchester, J., Nov 13, 1872Add to your cart.
ABS for extracting and inserting teeth. Receipted in January 1873.
Folder 29Add to your cart.
Item 126: Winchester, J., 1873Add to your cart.
AD sample contract between himself and potential business partners to furnish labor for plantation owners, who must provide land, food, shelter, and pay Winchester half the value of all raised products. Portion of the document missing and probably incomplete.
Item 127: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Jan 28, 1873Add to your cart.
ALS from New-burgh, New York, reporting on Mr. Hill's last letter from Shanghai: "Thousands of men can now be had; they are leaving...as fast as they can find passage...there is no more danger of one of these men running away than there is of Grant's leaving the White House of his own free will." he tells Winchester that they should have contracts immediately while things are going well.
Item 128: Robert E. Lee (steamer) to Winchester, J., Mar 10, 1873Add to your cart.
AR for passage from Natchez to New Orleans.
Item 129: Owens, T.E. to Childs, H.Y., Mar 19, 1873Add to your cart.
AB for an umbrella.
Folder 30Add to your cart.
Item 138: F.O. Child and Company to Winchester, J., Apr 11, 1873Add to your cart.
AR for china dishes, champagne glasses, tin pans, goblets, and a bowl.
Item 139: Seaman, Vernon from Winchester, J., Apr 13, 1873Add to your cart.
AL about getting some land free from flooding because they cannot risk a disaster the first year with immigrants; he can purchase soe twleve thousand, flood-free acres of Judge Perkin's estate. He also believes Chinese labor is harder-working and more efficient than Negro slaves.
Item 140: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Apr 18, 1873Add to your cart.
ALS from Newburgh, New York telling him to acquire the Perkins plantation if Mr. Farrar's report is favorable and plan on using about one thousand Chinese laborers next year and more in the future if there is additional land to be had.
Item 141: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., Apr 24, 1873Add to your cart.
ALS from Newburgh , New York still pushing Winchester to make a land deal, draw up some contracts, and find him a loan for his personal expenses which are pressing.
Item 142: Seaman, Vernon to Winchester, J., May 8, 1873Add to your cart.
ALS from Newburgh, New York acknowledging receipt of his last letter and saying that everything is going well.
Folder 31Add to your cart.
Item 143: Hillard, R., Jul 1875Add to your cart.
ARS to unamed person for rental on post office box from July to October, 1875. Signed by postmaster.
Item 144: Carradine, J.H. to Winchester, J., Jun 19, 1877Add to your cart.
ARS for sugar, coffee, yeast, and meal.
Item 145: McCary, William to Winchester and Clark., 1879Add to your cart.
ANS from the postmaster saying that their box rent is due. Reverse has a short listing of postal laws and regulations.
Item 146: J.L. Harris and Company to Jenkins, John F., Nov 13, 1879Add to your cart.
ADS from New Orleans, an account of sale of Elgin cotton to C. Kressner, the proceeds credited to Jenkin's account.
Folder 32Add to your cart.
Item 147: Waiden, Hawkins, and Roberts to Winchester, J., Mar 7, 1881Add to your cart.
Draft made out by Winchester to himself and endorsed. Drawn on account in New Orleans and payable to the Canal Bank of New Orleans by Britton and Koontz. Note at bottom reads "payment refused."
Item 148: New Orleans Canal and Banking Company to Winchester, J., Mar 14, 1881Add to your cart.
ADS from New Orleans, a Public Instrument of Protest, State of Louisiana, United States of America, brought against Winchester for his bad draft on Vaiden, Hawkins and Roberts. Copy of the original with witnesses and notary's names, and a transcription of the draft in question included on the reverse (see previous item).
Item 149: AD from unidentified writer, a tally sheet listing monies paid by Winchester and General Hampton, dating back to 1868. Money also paid by WInchester to Mrs. Linton and Mr. Davis listed., Jan 18, 1882Add to your cart.
Item 150: Lackey, Professor, J.D., Apr 3, 1882Add to your cart.
PL announcing a reduction in piano tuning and repairing, with a testimonial by his employer included. Pencilled notation says to leave orders at Lawrence and Bunning's drug store.
Item 151: Willie Parsons and Company to Winchester, J., Jun 11, 1882Add to your cart.
ABS and receipted for milk bought in June. Two payments made on account, one on July 10 and the other on July 11.
Item 152: Zurhellen, A. to Winchester, J., Nov 21, 1882Add to your cart.
AB from Natchez for a watch and two buttons repaired for Max.
Folder 33Add to your cart.
Item 153: Jewell, Mrs. E.B. to Winchester, J., Dec 22, 1883Add to your cart.
ALS from Vicksburg asking about Mrs. Sprague's whereabouts so she can borrow money because her husband refuses to support her child, May; her landlady will agree to take her in until she can support herself.
Item 154: Duncan to Winchester, J., Feb 6, 1884Add to your cart.
ANS from Auburn wanting to know if the enclosed account is correct.
Item 155: Ferguson, S.W. to Winchester, J., Jun 13, 1884Add to your cart.
ALS from Green ville, Mississippi, enclosing a deed for Mr. Duncan to execute in place of Wade Hampton's original deed in which the boundaries and property descriptions were inaccurate. The sale of the property will go to pay off notes Mrs. Hampton owes to Winchester.
Item 156: Briel, W. B., Jr. to Mrs. Winchester., Dec 23, 1884Add to your cart.
ARS from the Five and Ten Cent Store in Natchez, formerly of Chattanooga, for a cup and saucer, a pitcher, and a kazoo.
Item 157: Rumble and Wensel to Purnell, N., Dec 30, 1884Add to your cart.
ARS for coffee, sugar and ham.
Item 158: Kaiser, William to Winchester, Max., Dec 31, 1884Add to your cart.
ARS for music.
Folder 34Add to your cart.
Item 159: Clark, Fred to Winchester, J., Jan 10, 1885Add to your cart.
ADS giving the deed and title in full to the Wamen Place in Adams Count, Mississippi, including sheep, cattle, a horse named Gordon, and a mule named Fanny. Attested by F .Winchester and J. Winchester.
Item 160: Botto, Mary to Winchester, J., Mar 7, 1885Add to your cart.
ANS asking for a payment her father told her Winchester had promised to make the day before.
Item 161: Dicks and Mallery to Winchester, J., Mar 21, 1885Add to your cart.
ABS for corn, oats, coffee, sugar, tea, and other food items.
Folder 35Add to your cart.
Item 162: Queen Insurance Company to Clark, Fred., Apr 3, 1885Add to your cart.
ADS by Liverpool, England company's Central and Southern Department in Louisville, being a policy for a dwelling with a loss payable form to Mary Botto. Description of property fits that of the Wamen Place in item 159.
Item 163: James Stir and Company to Winchester, J., Apr 16, 1885Add to your cart.
ARS for his account.
Item 164: Dreyfus, E. to Winchester, J., Jun 20, 1885Add to your cart.
ARS from wholesale grocer for flour, meal, and other items.
Item 165: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jun 30, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft numbered "1" to Mrs. M.G.Winchester.
Item 166: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jun 30, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft numbered "2" to E. Dreyfus, apparently to pay his account in item 164, and endorsed for Dreyfus.
Item 167: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jun 30, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft numbered "3" to F.A.Dicks and endorsed.
Item 168: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jun 30, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft numbered "4" to "self."
Folder 36Add to your cart.
Item 169: International Collecting Company to Winchester and Clark., Jul 6, 1885Add to your cart.
Printed and written blank from the company's Cincinnati branch asking for a reply on the worth, credit, and character of a B.Salvo, apparently making a check of credit. Signed by Fritz Bras.
Item 170: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jul 7, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft for cash.
Item 171: Cambell, S.W. to Winchester, J., Jul 11, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from Magnolia, Lousiana, about fixing up his place, the crops, and, mostly about the "Montgomery-Campbell conspiracy," a fued between his nephew and himself concerning land the nephew bought and damage done to a levee by his hogs; he and his neighbors vow to defeat the nephew next year. Detailed account of the problems Campbell is having.
Item 172: Planters Journal Company to Winchester, J., Jul 11, 1885Add to your cart.
AB asking for payment of his subscription for 1883, 1884, and 1885.
Item 173: Yerger, Mrs. E.S. to Winchester and Clark., Jul 17, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from the daughter-in-law of the late Judge E.M. Yerger in Memphis, who is in Natchez, out of money and about to lose her boarding, asking for money to get her and her baby back to Memphis so she can work.
Item 174: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jul 17, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft for cash.
Item 175: Dicks and Mallery to Winchester, J., Jul 17, 1885Add to your cart.
ARS for flour, sugar, brown sugar, oatmeal, syrup, and potatoes. Bill receipted by Dicks and Mallery.
Item 176: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jul 18, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft to S.Winchester.
Item 177: Donaldson, R.T. to Winchester, J., Jul 21, 1885Add to your cart.
ABS from bookseller, stationer, and dealer in pianos, glass, crockery, for items bought since 1883-pencilled note asking for payment.
Item 178: Grant, James to Winchester, J., Jul 24, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS with printed questionnaire from the Guarantee Company of North America, Chicago branch, concerning F.J. Mead, who gave Winchester's name as a character reference when applying for a bond to work in the post office; Winchester had not responded earlier and is asked to do so to get Mead's request arranged. Signed by James Grant, general agent.
Item 179: Grant, James to Winchester, J., Jul 28, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from the Guarantee Company of North America agent asking Winchester to send back the questionaire on Fabus J. Mead, who was founder of the Natchez Democrat and collector of customs there. Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J. Draft for cash.
Item 180: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Jul 28, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft for cash.
Folder 37Add to your cart.
Item 181: Willie Parsons and Company to Winchester, J., Aug 1, 1885Add to your cart.
AB for milk in June and July; payment requested at bottom.
Item 182: Jenkins, John F. to Winchester, J., Aug 2, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS asking about land in Bayou Sara, Louisana, belonging to his father's estate and purchased in 1854 by William R.Barrow under the estate of Collins; apparently a suit as to the proper ownership has arisen and Jenkins asks Winchester to try to remember what happened in regard to these lands.
Item 183: Jenkins, John F. to Winchester, J., Aug 2, 1885Add to your cart.
Typescript of letter about lands in Bayou Sara.
Item 184: Dreyfus, E. to Winchester, J., Aug 5, 1885Add to your cart.
ARS for oats. Note at the bottom says tomorrow he will have fresh corn.
Item 185: Curell, James R. to Winchester, J., Aug 8, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from New Orleans regarding his wife's holdings on the Roberts estate and a dispute over the amount owed on the mortgage made by Mrs.Bisland, the buyer. Winchester is supposed to have the note regarding the terms of the purchase.
Item 186: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Aug 8, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft for cash.
Item 187: Ferguson, S.W. to Winchester, J., Aug 10, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from the secretary/treasure of the Board of Mississippi Levee Commissioners, on its stationary, trying to locate a deed for General Hampton conveying Stephen Duncan's Wildwood plantation.
Item 188: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Aug 15, 1885Add to your cart.
Draft to F.K. Winchester.
Item 189: Boyer, J.A. to Winchester, J., Aug 17, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS and printed flyer from Philadelphia asking him to subscribe to the next issue of Boyer's Legal Dictionary. Letter makes the sales pitch; reverse has various testamonials and a small slip attached to the obverse gives yet another testimonial.
Item 190: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Aug 20, 1885Add to your cart.
ANS from teller B.W. Owsley asking him to send in his passbook as it seems Winchester's account is overdrawn.
Item 191: Bank of Natchez to Winchester, J., Aug 20, 1885Add to your cart.
ANS from teller B.W. Owsley asking him to send in his passbook as it seems Winchester's account is overdrawn.
Item 192: Rumble and Wensel to Winchester, F.K.Add to your cart.
ABS and receipted for corn, oats, ham, and yeast.
Item 193: Meeks, C.to Winchester, J., Aug 31, 1885Add to your cart.
ANS giving statement of accountdating back to January.
Folder 38Add to your cart.
Item 194: Pollock and Mason to Winchester, J., Oct 5, 1885Add to your cart.
ARS for a sack of corn. Signed by Benbrook.
Item 195: Robinson, Sue S. to Winchester, J., Oct 15, 1885Add to your cart.
ALS from Arlington, Tarrant County, Texas, asking about money sent from Scotland in the 1850's and deposited by Dr. W.G.C. Calore in Natchez; she is one of the heirs and would like to know if the money is still there.
Item 196: Perrault, Thomas E. to Winchester, J., Dec 30, 1885Add to your cart.
ABS for men's and boy's clothing bought since 1884, with itemized goods and credits listed.
Folder 39Add to your cart.
Item 197: Jenkins, Mrs. John F., Jun 26, 1886Add to your cart.
AL from her mother about another letter from "F." (Frank Winhester?) and her visit to come.
Item 198: Harris, Parker and Company to Jenkins, John F., Nov 9, 1886Add to your cart.
ANS from New Orleans saying that the steamer Warren is delivering his cotton.
Folder 40Add to your cart.
Item 199: Extremely lengthy draft, typewrtitten original with handwritten corrections, entitled "The Memorial of the Natchez River Improvement and Relief Convention to the President and Congress of the United States," calling for levee improvements to be made along the Mississippi River from Cairo to the Red River. Very detailed, complete with statistics and references, citing the damage done by previous floods in unleveed portions along the river., 1893?Add to your cart.
Item 200: Hynes, R.M., 1893?Add to your cart.
Large black and white map of Adams County, Mississippi, made in Chicago from photographs taken by H.C. Norman; C.W. Babbitt, county surveyor. Map was to be filled with the Memorial of the Natchez River Improvement and Relief Convention (see previous item). Map is a metes and bounds survey of all the plantations and major country residences outside Natchez.
Folder 41Add to your cart.
Item 201: Undated general materials concerning WInchester Duncan V. Helm., UndatedAdd to your cart.
ADS lenghty handwritten legal opinion in suit. Dr. Stephen Duncan loaned Helm moneyin Mississippi by mortgaging land in Lousiana; Helm claimed that Duncan was guilty of usury when he tried to make Helm pay the interest on the loan. Opinion is undated and unsigned; several precendent cases mentioned, and words missing occasionally which break up important sentences.It appears the case was decided in favor of Dr. Duncan. Circa 1886.
Item 202: Winchester, J., UndatedAdd to your cart.
AD in the case of Duncan v. Helm, and earlier version of the preceding item. Not clear if both opinions were drafted by Winchester.
Item 203: Small and Walker to Winchester, J., Mar 24Add to your cart.
ANS by attorneys in Woodville, asking for his attention in the Haygood case.
Item 204: Winchester, J., UndatedAdd to your cart.
AL empowering Samuel W. Ferguson to put up for private sale the estate of Wade Hampton as decided by bankruptcy court for the Southern District of Mississippi. Unfinished.
Item 205: Winchester, J., UndatedAdd to your cart.
AL draft of a legal notice announcing Samuel Ferguson's power to sell General Wade Hampton's estate to pay its creditors along with a compensation for Ferguson's handling of the estate as assignee. Similar to previous draft.

Browse by Box:

[Box 1: Carmichael, Dr. John F., 1800-1837; 1845],
[Box 2: Jenkins, Dr. John Carmichael, 1827; 1834-1855; 1869],
[Box 3: Winchester, Judge Josiah, 1849; 1856-1888; 1893],
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