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Canary Islands collection

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Canary Islands collection, 1582-1584 | University of Miami Special Collections

By Rudo Kemper and Tim Thompson

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Collection Overview

Title: Canary Islands collection, 1582-1584Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1582-1584

ID: ASM0491

Extent: 1.0 Boxes

Formats/Genres: Documents, Letters, Manuscripts

Languages: Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection contains 26 bound and paginated 16th-century manuscripts describing contemporary conditions and military operations in the Canary Islands. It consists of a series of letters (15 items) and an assortment of other official documents (11 items). Twelve letters bear the imprimatur of King Philip II of Spain.

Primarily, the collection documents the administration of Lázaro Moreno de León, who served as governor of the islands of Tenerife and La Palma for two years (1582-1584). The last two items in the collection mark the end of Moreno de León's tenure and reference his successor, Juan Núñez de la Fuente, who served until 1589. Moreno de León appears in 18 of the items in the collection, either as subject or recipient (in the case of correspondence). However, the collection includes only one item bearing his signature: Item 18, authored by Diego de Ayala y Rojas, conde de la Gomera, and signed by Moreno de León as a witness.

During Moreno de León's tenure, an epidemic broke out on the island of Tenerife, causing considerable loss of life (documented at length in Item 22). The collection also reflects historical events following Spain's conquest of Portugal. During the dynastic crisis that followed the death of Portugal's King Sebastian in 1578, the throne was claimed by António, Prior of Crato, who was defeated by Philip II in 1580. By 1582, António had relocated to the Azores, where he attempted to establish a government in exile with the support of France. Item 3 provides a set of instructions for a dispatch boat that was sent to the Canary Islands that same year, after word of a possible attack by António. In early 1583, ships loyal to António did attempt an attack on the island of Gomera, but were repelled by local forces under the command of Ayala y Rojas and Moreno de León (documented in Items 18 and 19).

Subject/Index Terms

Battles
Canary Islands
Canary Islands - Politics and government
Canary Islands - Social conditions
Epidemics
Moreno de León, Lázaro
Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598
Spain - Politics and government
Spain - Social conditions
Spain. Consejo de Guerra

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Canary Islands Collection Finding Aid © 2009 University of Miami. All rights reserved. Requests to reproduce or publish materials from this collection should be directed to asc.library@miami.edu.

Original/Copies Note: This collection has been digitized. For more information please see http://merrick.library.miami.edu/specialCollections/asm0491/.

Related Publications:

Item 18 is referenced by the following source:

Rumeu de Armas, Antonio. Piraterías y ataques navales contra las Islas Canarias. Madrid: Instituto Jeronimo Zurita, 1947, p. 645.

A discussion of the epidemic that broke out on the island of Tenerife in 1582 (described in Item 22) appears in the following source:

Viera y Clavijo, Joseph de. Noticias de la historia general de las Islas de Canaria. Madrid, 1776, pp. 149-151.

Preferred Citation: Canary Islands Collection, Special Collections, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.

Finding Aid Revision History: Finding aid revised by Tim Thompson, December 2012.


Box and Folder Listing


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[Box 1: Letters and official documents],
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Box 1: Letters and official documentsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, June 16, 1582Add to your cart.
Written from Lisbon by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 2: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, August 19, 1582Add to your cart.
Written from Lisbon by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 3: Instrucción que dio su Majestad al maestre del navío de aviso y envió a los gobernadores de Tenerife y Canarias sobre la venida de don Antonio sobre las islas, June 23, 1582Add to your cart.
Written in Lisbon and addressed to Pedro Yanes, "vecino de Sesimbra, maestre de la carabela nombrada La Concepción".
Item 4: Juan Delgado letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, November 13, 1582Add to your cart.
Written from Lisbon.
Item 5: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, November 7, 1582Add to your cart.
Written from Lisbon by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 6: Local council (cabildo) of San Cristóbal de la Laguna official document, January 1, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Scribal note following the end of the document is dated October 6, 1585.
Item 7: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, December 4, [1582?]Add to your cart.
Written from Lisbon by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 8: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, May 17, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Aranjuez by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 9: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, August 20, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 10: La cifra por la qual ha de escribir Lázaro Moreno de León, gobernador de las islas de Tenerife y La Palma, a su Majestad por el Consejo de Guerra, August 26, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in Madrid.
Item 11: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, August 7, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 12: Council of War (Consejo de Guerra) letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of the islands of Tenerife and La Palma, September 7, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the scribe Juan Gallo de Andrada by order of the members of the council.
Item 13: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, April 23, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 14: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to local officials in Tenerife, August 20, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king and addressed to "los consejos, justicia, regidores, cavalleros, oficiales y hombres buenos de la isla de Tenerife".
Item 15: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, April 23, 1584Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Gabriel de Zayas by order of the king.
Item 16: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife and La Palma, December 5, 1584Add to your cart.
Written from El Pardo by the secretary Juan Delgado by order of the king.
Item 17: Instrucción de la isla de Tenerife al señor Lope de Azoca, regidor, September 28, 1585Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Scribal note following the end of the document is dated September 28, 1585.
Item 18: Información de la pelea de la Gomera, March 1, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in San Sebastián de la Gomera by the scribe Diego Hernández Vaca and signed by Diego de Ayala y Rojas, conde de la Gomera, and Lázaro Moreno de León, governor of Tenerife. Written on leaf 8 verso: "provanza de lo que pasó en la Gomera".
Item 19: Diego de Ayala y Rojas, conde de la Gomera, letter to Philip II, King of Spain, March 23, 1583Add to your cart.
Written from Gomera.
Item 20: Pedimento de los jurados de la isla, February 9, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Scribal note following the end of the document is dated September 28, 1585.
Item 21: Información hecha por la isla de Tenerife de los servicios del gobernador, January 28, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Scribal note following the end of the document is dated September 28, 1585.
Item 22: Relación auténtica y verdadera de lo que en esta isla de Tenerife en la cuidad de San Cristóbal de la Laguna ha acaecido después de haber dado en ella grave enfermedad y pestilencia, October 18, 1583Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Written on leaf 6 verso: "Relación de la mejoría de la Peste de Tenerife del año de 82".
Item 23: Philip II, King of Spain, letter to local officials in Tenerife, April 19, 1584Add to your cart.
Written from Madrid by the secretary Gabriel de Zayas by order of the king and addressed to "los consejos, justicia, regidores, cavalleros, oficiales y hombres buenos de la isla de Tenerife".
Item 24: Información del servicio hecho por Lázaro Moreno de León, gobernador de Tenerife, a pedimento del procurador general de la isla, March 19, 1584Add to your cart.
Written in San Cristóbal de la Laguna. Scribal note following the end of the document is dated September 28, 1585.
Item 25: Un traslado bien y fielmente sacado de una sentencia dada y pronunciada en veinte dias del mes de octubre, año del Señor de mil quinientos ochenta y cuatro años, por el ilustre señor Juan Núñez de la Fuente, gobernador y capitán general en esta isla de Tenerife y la de La Palma, October 20, 1584Add to your cart.
Copied in San Cristóbal de la Laguna by the scribe Francisco López Tamayo.
Item 26: Un traslado de la sentencia que en la isla de La Palma se dio del señor Lázaro Moreno de León, November 13, 1584Add to your cart.
Copied in La Palma by the scribe Amador Núñez de Silva from a pronouncement issued on November 13, 1584.

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