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Cuba: Capitanía General Collection


Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description


Reales Ordenes (Spain)

Official Forms

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Cuba: Capitanía General Collection, 1851-1898 | University of Miami Cuban Heritage Collection

By Esperanza B. de Varona, January 1994

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Collection Overview

Title: Cuba: Capitanía General Collection, 1851-1898Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: CHC0380

Creator: Capitanía General

Extent: 1.0 Boxes. More info below.


The Cuba: Capitania General Collection is organized into three series.

Please see the Finding Aid/Inventory section of this guide for more detailed information.

Date Acquired: 12/00/1993

Formats/Genres: Documents, Typescripts

Languages: Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Cuba: Capitania General Collection contains the “bandos” (edicts), “Reales Ordenes” and official forms from the governments of Valeriano Weyler and Ramón Blanco.

Biographical Note

This is a collection of “bandos” (edicts), “Reales Ordenes” and official forms (1896-1898) published during the governments of Valeriano Weyler and Ramón Blanco, Captain Generals of the island of Cuba. Weyler was a central figure in Cuba's War of Independence against Spain.

It was Don Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, who in the Spanish Congress of March 8, 1895, inspired the attitude of Spain against the Cuban rebellion: it was necessary to find the harshest and most despised general to lead a war to the death between the metropolis and the colony. General Valeriano Weyler was the man chosen to complete this task.

Weyler, following his acts perpetrated during Cuba's Ten Years War, was already manifesting a policy of proceeding with great energy and without contemplations. After the battles of Coliseo and Peralejo and the advance of Cuban troops into Pinar del Río, Weyler did not vary the general Spanish attitude. Spain showed its vehement desire to retain the beautiful island of Cuba.

It was the general support of the Spanish people that kept the assassin and torturer of 1868 as interpreter of the sentiments of those who wanted to maintain the Cuban people subjected to the oppressive authority of the Spanish government. Weyler carried out a war of extermination against the Cuban people and came to symbolize that terrible time in which ignorance, rage, and blind stubbornness governed the attitude of Spain.

As a result of the barbaric repression of Weyler, thousands of civilians were killed, hundreds of revolutionary patriots were assassinated, and thousands of political prisoners filled the prisons of La Cabaña, El Moro, and La Cárcel. Despite the overwhelming support of the Spanish government, the time came when exasperated with defeats, Spanish leaders branded Weyler as careless and inefficient. In 1897, Weyler was replaced by Captain General Ramón Blanco.

During his government, Weyler dictated many “bandos” (edicts) to be carried out by the Cuban people. One of the most censored was the one related to the “concentración.” The punishment for not following the “bandos” was execution by firing squad.

Subject/Index Terms

Cuba - Politics and government - 1810-1899
Spain -- Colonies -- Cuba
Weyler, Valerià, 1838-1930

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 0.50 linear ft. (1 box)

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please, contact for more information.

Acquisition Source: Librería de Antaño, Buenos Aires, Argentina

Acquisition Method: Purchased from the Librería de Antaño, Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 1993

Original/Copies Note: This collection has been digitized. For more information please see

Preferred Citation: Cuba: Capitanía General Collection, Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida

Finding Aid Revision History:

Revisions to the collection-level record made by Beata Bergen, June 2009.

Finding aid subjects terms assigned by Ana D. Rodríguez, February 2013.

Container List (PDF):

Box and Folder Listing

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Bandos, 1896, 1896-1898],
[Series 2: Reales Ordenes (Spain), n.d., 1866-1898],
[Series 3: Official Forms, n.d., 1851-ca. 1890s],

Series 1: Bandos, 1896, 1896-1898Add to your cart.
This series consists of nineteen “bandos” (edicts) issued by Valeriano Weyler and five “bandos” issued by Ramón Blanco, Captain Generals of the island of Cuba. Of particular interest are the “bandos” pertaining to re-concentration and to tobacco and sugar harvests.
Extent : Five folders (Box1)
Sub-Series 1: Weyler, Valeriano, 1896-1897Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Blanco y Erenas, Ramón, 1898Add to your cart.
Series 2: Reales Ordenes (Spain), n.d., 1866-1898Add to your cart.
This series contains orders given by the Spanish government during Cuba's wars of independence.
Extent: 10 folders (Box 1)
Sub-Series 1: Dirección General de Artillería, 1866Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Capitanía General de la Isla de Cuba, n.d., 1866-1898Add to your cart.
Series 3: Official Forms, n.d., 1851-ca. 1890sAdd to your cart.
This series consists of blank forms of war criminal rosters, military hospital records, and applications to become Spanish army volunteers.
Extent: Seven folders (Box 1)

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