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Cuban Refugee Center Records

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Cuban Refugee Center Documents and Programs

Government Agencies

Non Governmental Agencies and Organizations

Publications

Other Documents

Photographs

Clippings



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Cuban Refugee Center Records, 1960-1978 | University of Miami Cuban Heritage Collection

By Isabel Ezquerra, Ximena Valdivia, and Duvy Argandoña, 2007

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Collection Overview

Title: Cuban Refugee Center Records, 1960-1978Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: CHC0218

Creator: United States. Cuban Refugee Program.

Extent: 107.0 Boxes. More info below.

Arrangement:

The Cuban Refugee Center Records are organized into seven series. 

Please refer to the Finding Aid/Inventory section for more information about the organization of this collection.

Formats/Genres: Clippings, Letters, Periodicals, Photographs, Reports

Languages: English, Spanish;Castilian

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Cuban Refugee Center Records include correspondence, reports, publications, photographs, and clippings created and collected by the Cuban Refugee Center (CRC), in Miami in 1960 as part of a federal program to assist Cubans arriving at the United States as political refugees.

Biographical Note

The Cuban Refugee Program was authorized by the President of the United States in February 1961. Federal assistance for Cuban refugees had begun in 1960 under President Eisenhower in response to the growing number of Cubans fleeing the Castro regime. President John F. Kennedy, recognizing that the situation was beyond the scope of individual states and volunteer agencies, assigned responsibility to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), at the time Abraham Ribicoff, who delegated implementation and administration to William L. Mitchell, Commissioner of Social Security. The “Migration and Refugee Assistance Act,” enacted in 1962, provided the legislative basis for the program and authorized appropriations. The Florida State Department of Public Welfare, representing the federal government, set up an office in Miami for the assistance, child welfare services and medical care of Cuban refugees.

The Miami Cuban Refugee Emergency Center, located at the Freedom Tower, 600 Biscayne Boulevard, became the focal point of refugee registration, assistance, relief and resettlement, as well as coordination of government and independent agencies’ programs. Federal funding provided for the center’s operations, record keeping, publications, coordination of agencies and research on different aspects of the refugee situation, as well as for programs. The latter included financial assistance, educational loans, health care, adult education and re-training, resettlement and care of unaccompanied children. By 1962 between 1500 and 2000 Cubans were arriving weekly.

In 1963 the newly formed Welfare Administration succeeded Social Security in overseeing the Cuban Refugee Program. The decrease in influx of refugees following the cessation of regular flights and the implementation of programs such as home visits facilitated the transition from crisis response to a more efficient, better organized program.

In the years to come, however, the program would have to adapt to new emergency situations such as the arrival of Bay of Pigs Brigade 2506 prisoners in 1963 and the Camarioca boatlift of 1965. Perhaps the most taxing year was 1980 when the Mariel boatlift brought more than 125,000 Cubans to the United States. Simultaneously, Haitian refugees had started to arrive in growing numbers. The federal government declared a state of emergency and charged the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) with processing and assisting the entrants. On July of the same year the Cuban-Haitian Task Force (CHTF) was created to coordinate federal resources in support of county and state efforts, and to address community problems related to the influx of refugees into the Miami area, replacing FEMA in this capacity.

The Center closed its last location on Ponce de Leon Boulevard and 8th Street on July 1994, after more than three decades of providing assistance to thousands of refugees. Its archives were donated to Professor Juan Clark of Miami-Dade College who in turn donated them to the Cuban Heritage Collection.

Subject/Index Terms

Cuban Refugee Center
Cubans - United States
Refugees - Cuba
Refugees - United States

Administrative Information

Alternate Extent Statement: 48 linear feet (107 boxes)

Access Restrictions: This collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please, contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Acquisition Method: Gift of Juan M. Clark

Original/Copies Note: Selected materials from this collection have been digitized. For more information please see http://merrick.library.miami.edu/cubanHeritage/chc0218/.

Preferred Citation: Cuban Refugee Center Records, Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida

Finding Aid Revision History: Retrospectively converted from HTML to EAD XML September, 2008 by Lyn MacCorkle and Kyle Rimkus based on a crosswalk by María Estorino.

Container List (PDF): http://proust.library.miami.edu/findingaids/legacy/chc0218CL.pdf


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cuban Refugee Center Documents and Programs],
[Series 2: Government Agencies],
[Series 3: Non Governmental Agencies and Organizations],
[Series 4: Publications],
[Series 5: Other Documents],
[Series 6: Photographs],
[Series 7: Clippings],
[All]

Series 1: Cuban Refugee Center Documents and ProgramsAdd to your cart.
Correspondence, reprints, statistics and other materials related to the Center’s history, administrative organization, social services programs, speeches and awards. Prominent among the subjects are airlift efforts and the resettlement program.
Arrangement: In chronological order within alphabetical order by subject.
Sub-Series 1: Cuban Refugee Center General Correspondence and Documents, 1960-1973Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Programs, n.d., 1960-1981Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Cuban Refugee Program, n.d., 1960-1981Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Cuban Refugee Assistance Program, n.d., 1962-1981Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Cuban Refugee Medical Assistance Program (Dispensario médico), n.d, 1962-1969Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Cuban Emergency Refugee Center, n.d., 1960-1972Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Cuban Refugee Resettlement Program, n.d., 1962-1981Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 6: Loan Program for Cuban Students, 1963-1967Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 7: Unaccompanied Cuban Children’s Program, 1963Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Awards, 1969-1975Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Lincoln-Martí AwardAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Tribute to Howard H. PalmatierAdd to your cart.
Series 2: Government AgenciesAdd to your cart.
Correspondence and other documents by and about government agencies relating to programs and services they provided in collaboration with the Refugee Center, or informing the Refugee Center of independent programs and activities in which refugees participated, such as enrollment in the Army. Also included are correspondence about refugees training in the Army, laws affecting the status or welfare of refugees such as Adjust of Status, Immigration and Nationality Act, Migration and Refugee Assistance Act, Economic Opportunity, as well as reprints on congressional hearings about refugees, the Cuban Refugee Center and related subjects.
Arrangement: In alphabetical order by document type (e.g. correspondence, statistics, etc.) within each topic.
Sub-Series 1: U.S. Bureau for Refugee Programs – Grants and AgreementsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: U.S. Census BureauAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: U.S. Department of Health, Education and WelfareAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: United States. Department of the ArmyAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: U.S. General Services AdministrationAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 6: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization ServiceAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 7: Haitian Refugee CenterAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 8: Cuban Haitian Task ForceAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 9: Congressional HearingsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 10: LawsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 11: White HouseAdd to your cart.
Series 3: Non Governmental Agencies and OrganizationsAdd to your cart.
Correspondence and other documents relating to activities, programs and services for refugees provided by volunteer and independent organizations and agencies in collaboration with the Refugee Center. Includes documents about the program for Cuban physicians to obtain licenses to practice in the U.S.
Arrangement: In chronological order within alphabetical order by association.
Sub-Series 1: Cuban Civic AssociationsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: University of MiamiAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Volags (Voluntary Agencies)Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Other AssociationsAdd to your cart.
Series 4: PublicationsAdd to your cart.
Articles, periodical and books, mostly pamphlets, produced by the Cuban Refugee Center or about refugees.
Arrangement: In alphabetical order by author or title.
Sub-Series 1: Works by the Cuban Refugee CenterAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: ArticlesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: BooksAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: PeriodicalsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Works by OthersAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: ArticlesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: BooksAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: PeriodicalsAdd to your cart.
Series 5: Other DocumentsAdd to your cart.
Articles and other documents collected by the Refugee Center produced by agencies and associations other than the ones covered in series I through III; includes articles on social status and adaptation; adult education catalogs and program descriptions, primarily to teach them English; the 1962 Conference of Mayors where arriving refugees was one of the main topics.
Arrangement: In alphabetical order by title within alphabetical order by document type, except correspondence which is in chronological order.
Sub-Series 1: Material related to Cuban RefugeesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: ConferencesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Adult EducationAdd to your cart.
Series 6: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Photographs of the Cuban Refugee Center, its programs, events, visitors, awards and employees; includes photographs relating to refugees and their activities, and of relevant personalities collected by the Center.
Arrangement: In alphabetical order by topic.
Sub-Series 1: Cuban Refugee CenterAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: Airlift and Arrivals (Freedom Flights)Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Cuban Refugee ProgramAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Cuban Refugee Emergency ProgramAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Cuban Refugee Resettlement ProgramAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Unaccompanied Cuban Children ProgramAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 6: EducationAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 7: EmployeesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 8: EventsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 9: Freedom HouseAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 10: Lincoln-Martí AwardAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 11: Medical DispensaryAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 12: Refugees Assorted ProgramsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 13: Registration & InterviewsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 14: Training for IndependenceAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 15: VisitorsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 16: Vocations and ProfessionsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: PersonalitiesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Associations and InstitutionsAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: Cuban Refugees ActivitiesAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: VariousAdd to your cart.
Series 7: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
This series constitutes the bulk of the Cuban Refugee Center Records. It contains newspaper clippings of articles about all matters relating to the Cuban Refugee Center and to refugees, as well as political and social issues with potential impact on the refugee population, including articles about films and publications relating to refugees.
Arrangement: In alphabetical order by topic.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Cuban Refugee Center Documents and Programs],
[Series 2: Government Agencies],
[Series 3: Non Governmental Agencies and Organizations],
[Series 4: Publications],
[Series 5: Other Documents],
[Series 6: Photographs],
[Series 7: Clippings],
[All]



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