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Dr. John O. and Marie Faulkner Brown papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Subject Terms

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Brown Family

Dr. John O. Brown Professional Papers



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Dr. John O. and Marie Faulkner Brown papers, 1950-2000 | University of Miami Special Collections

By Jameatris Johnson Rimkus

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Collection Overview

Title: Dr. John O. and Marie Faulkner Brown papers, 1950-2000Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

ID: ASM0018

Creator: Brown, John O. (1922-2007)

Extent: 16.0 Boxes

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The papers consists of correspondence, photographs, clippings, publications, awards, certificates and medals, speeches and various other materials documenting the life and work of Dr. John O. Brown, first African American Ophthalmologist in Florida and the first African American President of the American Medical  Association. The collection also includes clippings, sermons, speeches and photos of African American folklorist, Rev. William Faulkner.

Biographical Note

Dr. John O. Brown, M.D. was born in Colbert, Oklahoma to Edward D. Brown and Gala Hill of Texas.  He spearheaded much of the activism that was associated with the civil rights movement in Dade County.  His name is linked with Sit-ins, pickets, the Gibson vs. Board of Education suit and Miami’s role in the 1963 March on Washington.

Dr. Brown attended the University of Wisconsin - Madison and graduated in 1943. That same year, he married  Marie Faulkner in Nashville, TN. They had four children (three boys and one girl). He later attended Meharry Medical School (a historically black Medical College) in Nashville and graduated from there in 1950. He completed his post-graduate work in Ophthalmology at the Veteran’s Administration Hospital at Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. After completing his formal education Dr. Brown moved to Miami in 1955 and opened his Ophthalmology practice in Liberty City the following year.

During WWII he was an Officer in the U.S. Army and first lieutenant in the all black 92nd Infantry Division nicknamed the Buffalo Soldiers.  Dr. Brown was awarded a Purple Heart with an Oak Leaf Cluster for his heroic service in the Amo Po Valley and Apennines campaigns in Italy during the Second World War. The “Oak Leaf Cluster” indicates that a subsequent award was added to the initial decoration.

By the late 1950s he was head of the Miami Chapter of the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE).  He led marches to integrate lunch counters and public beaches.  Many of these protests were patterned after the historic lunch counter sit-ins across the South.  Dr. Brown was quoted saying that Miami was Jim Crow from top to bottom in the late 1950s and 1960s (The Miami Herald, 02/26/1995).  One of his sons (John, Jr.) was among the black children who sued the Dade County Public School System (Gibson vs. Board of Education) to force desegregation of Public Schools (Edison High School).  The case was settled in 1963, the same year Dr. Brown participated in the March on Washington.  By then John, Jr. had graduated high school and gone away to Harvard University.

Dr. Brown was voted president- elect of the National Medical Association and took control as President in 1986.  He was a life member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and member of the regional board of the National Council of Christians and Jews and he was a Director at Capital Bank along with being a Charter member of the Community Race Relations Board (CRB).

Subject/Index Terms

African Americans - Civil rights
African Americans - Segregation - Florida

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions: The collection is open for research.

Acquisition Source: Gift of Marie Faulkner Brown, 2009

Related Materials: "To Eliminate Racial Discrimination" - The Wolfson Archive For more information please see http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lQM5QNoqORE&feature=youtu.be.

Preferred Citation: Dr. John O. and Marie Falkner Brown Papers, Special Collections, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Brown Family],
[Series 2: Dr. John O. Brown Professional Papers],
[All]

Series 1: Brown FamilyAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, 1945-2002Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Correspondence, 1956-2007Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Correspondence, 1954-1963Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Correspondence, 1959-1965Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Correspondence, 1927-1940Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Correspondence, 1937-1941Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Correspondence, 1937-1948Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1927-1946Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Clippings/PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: ClippingsAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Military ServiceAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Military ServiceAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Box 3: Medals and MedallionsAdd to your cart.
Military Medals, Military Dog Tags, Fraternity Medallion,  and Medical School Medallion
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gala Travel Photocopies of scrapbook, 1972-1995Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Gala Travel scrapbook, 1972-1995Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Gala Travel Photographs, 1972Add to your cart.
Item 1: Gala Travel Photographs, 1972Add to your cart.
Item 2: Gala Travel PhotocopiesAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Campaign MaterialsAdd to your cart.
Felt flag
Folder 5: Documents, 1926-1968Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Awards and Certificates, 1995Add to your cart.
1995 Book of Life Certificate of Appreciation
Folder 7: Awards/Certificates, 1962-2007Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Transcript, Real American Hero, 2006Add to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Yearbooks, 1930 and 1970Add to your cart.
Folder 2: ArticlesAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Edward Brown, 1918-1984Add to your cart.
Folder 4: John, Jr., 1946-1963Add to your cart.
Box 6Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Society Hill Family Reunion Photographs, 1991Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Society Hill Family Reunion Preparation, 1989Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Society Hill Family Reunion Documents, 1991Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Anniversary/Family Reunion, 1993Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Anniversary Photocopies of AlbumAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: 30th Anniversary PhotographsAdd to your cart.
Box 7Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Pamphlets and Brochures, 1963-1991Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Research Files: A Short History of Black Cedar Street, 1991-2001Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Voter Information, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 4: CORE Button and PinAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: COREAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: National Urban LeagueAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: National Association for the Advancement of Colored PeopleAdd to your cart.
Series 2: Dr. John O. Brown Professional PapersAdd to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Folder 1: National Medical Association, 1955-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 2: National Medical Association Convention, 1978Add to your cart.
Folder 3: National Medical Association Presidential Installation 1, 1986Add to your cart.
Folder 4: National Medical Association Presidential Installation 2, 1986Add to your cart.
Folder 5: National Medical Association Presidential Installation Correspondence, 1986Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Florida State Dental Pharmaceutical Association Auxilliary, 1971Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Documents, Notes and Reports, 1953-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Resume and Biography, 1963-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Awards and Certificates, 1950-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Dade County Medical Association Certificates, 1987-1991Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Florida Medical Association Certificates, 1991-1993Add to your cart.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Photographs and Slides, 1968-1986Add to your cart.
Folder 2: National Medical Association House of Delegates, 1982Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Florida Medical Association House of Delegates Handbook, 1986Add to your cart.
Folder 4: National Medical Association House of Delegates Handbook, 1986Add to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Sigma Pi Phi Scrapbook, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Sigma Pi Phi Scrapbook Photocopy, 1962Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity, 1969-1994Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Boule Journal, 1986-1994Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Event Programs, 1960-1999Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Event Programs, 1963-2007Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Event Programs, 1952-1992Add to your cart.
Folder 4: National Medical Association Convention and Assembly Program, 1986Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

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